retraction

出典: meddic

  • n.
  • (つめなどを)引っ込めること。収縮力
  • (前言・責任・告発などの)撤回、取り消し。(正式な)撤回の発表。撤回されたこと。



WordNet   license wordnet

「the act of pulling or holding or drawing a part back; "the retraction of the landing gear"; "retraction of the foreskin"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「a disavowal or taking back of a previous assertion」
abjuration, recantation

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈C〉引っ込めること / 〈C〉〈U〉(約束・意見などの)撤回」

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2015/02/25 09:26:51」(JST)

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英文文献

  • Comorbid Aβ toxicity and stroke: hippocampal atrophy, pathology, and cognitive deficit.
  • Amtul Z1, Nikolova S2, Gao L3, Keeley RJ4, Bechberger JF5, Fisher AL4, Bartha R2, Munoz DG6, McDonald RJ4, Naus CC5, Wojtowicz JM3, Hachinski V7, Cechetto DF8.Author information 1Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Canadian Institutes of Health Research Group on Vascular Cognitive Impairment, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: zamtul@uwo.ca.2Centre for Functional and Metabolic Mapping, Robarts Research Institute, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.3Department Physiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.4Department of Neuroscience, Canadian Centre for Behavioural Neuroscience, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada.5Department of Cellular and Physiological Sciences, The Life Sciences Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.6Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, St Michael's Hospital and Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.7Department of Clinical Neurological Sciences, London Health Sciences Center and University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.8Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Canadian Institutes of Health Research Group on Vascular Cognitive Impairment, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.AbstractNumerous clinical and epidemiological reports indicate that patients with history of vascular illness such as stroke are more likely to develop dementia as the clinical manifestation of Alzheimer's disease. However, there are little data regarding the pathologic mechanisms that link vascular risk factors to the factors associated with dementia onset. We provide evidence that suggests intriguing detrimental interactions between stroke and β-amyloid (Aβ) toxicity in the hippocampus. Stroke was induced by unilateral striatal injection of endothelin-1, the potent vasoconstrictor. Aβ toxicity was modeled by bilateral intracerebroventricular injections of the toxic fragment Aβ. Gross morphologic changes in comorbid Aβ and stroke rats were enlargement of the lateral ventricles with concomitant shrinkage of the hippocampus. The hippocampus displayed a series of synergistic biochemical alterations, including microgliosis, deposition of Aβ precursor protein fragments, and cellular degeneration. In addition, there was bilateral induction of connexin43, reduced neuronal survival, and impaired dendritic development of adult-born immature neurons in the dentate gyrus of these rats compared with either rats alone. Behaviorally, there was impairment in the hippocampal-based discriminative fear-conditioning to context task indicating learning and memory deficit. These results suggest an insight into the relationship between hippocampal atrophy, pathology, and functional impairment. Our work not only highlights the exacerbated pathology that emerges when Aβ toxicity and stroke occur comorbidly but also demonstrates that this comorbid rat model exhibits physiopathology that is highly characteristic of the human condition.
  • Neurobiology of aging.Neurobiol Aging.2014 Jul;35(7):1605-14. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2014.01.005. Epub 2014 Jan 8.
  • Numerous clinical and epidemiological reports indicate that patients with history of vascular illness such as stroke are more likely to develop dementia as the clinical manifestation of Alzheimer's disease. However, there are little data regarding the pathologic mechanisms that link vascular risk fa
  • PMID 24491422
  • Statement of retraction: cognitive behaviour therapy.
  • [No authors listed]
  • Cognitive behaviour therapy.Cogn Behav Ther.2014 Jun;43(2):169. doi: 10.1080/16506073.2013.833745. Epub 2013 Sep 25.
  • PMID 24063303
  • Re-exploration of the craniotomy after surgical treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms.
  • Park W1, Ahn JS, Park JC, Kwon do H, Kwun BD, Kim CJ.Author information 1Department of Neurosurgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 88, Olympic-ro 43-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 138-736, Korea.AbstractBACKGROUND: Unplanned re-exploration of the craniotomy after surgical treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) is sometimes required, but the underlying causes and rates of these procedures are seldom reported. This study retrospectively analyzed the causes of such re-explorations to identify methods for decreasing their necessity.
  • Acta neurochirurgica.Acta Neurochir (Wien).2014 May;156(5):869-77. doi: 10.1007/s00701-014-2059-z. Epub 2014 Mar 30.
  • BACKGROUND: Unplanned re-exploration of the craniotomy after surgical treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) is sometimes required, but the underlying causes and rates of these procedures are seldom reported. This study retrospectively analyzed the causes of such re-explorations to id
  • PMID 24682633
  • Effect of otitis media with effusion and its clinical intervention on the development of mastoid in children.
  • Chen N1, Hou Q, Cui Z, Wang L, Zhou S, Li J, Feng Z, Deng Z.Author information 1Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Third People's Hospital , Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province , China.AbstractAbstract Conclusion: Otitis media with effusion (OME) can affect the development of mastoid in children. For younger children (<12 years old), surgical intervention may promote the development of mastoid. It is highly recommended that patients with severe tympanic membrane retraction have tympanostomy tubes to improve the circulation in the middle ear as early as possible. Objective: To investigate the effect of OME and its clinical intervention on the development of mastoid in children. Methods: A total of 46 children with OME were divided into 2 groups according to their ages. In group 1, 26 cases (0-6 years old) were treated for approximately 2 months, while in group 2, 20 cases (7-15 years old) were treated for 10 months. The treatments included tympanic effusion incision or catheterization, and adenoidectomy and/or bilateral tonsillectomy. Before and 6 months after treatments, patients were examined by bilateral temporal bone CT scanning, pure-tone audiometry, and tympanometry. 3-D volumetric reconstruction was then performed to determine the morphological properties of each patient's mastoid. Results: After a 2-month comprehensive treatment, the volume of mastoid was close to that in normal children, indicating that it could return to normal level if the treatment was completed within 2 months. In group 2, the results suggested that if the treatment lasted more than 6 months, the development of mastoid would be stalled.
  • Acta oto-laryngologica.Acta Otolaryngol.2014 May;134(5):481-4. doi: 10.3109/00016489.2013.878810. Epub 2014 Mar 3.
  • Abstract Conclusion: Otitis media with effusion (OME) can affect the development of mastoid in children. For younger children (<12 years old), surgical intervention may promote the development of mastoid. It is highly recommended that patients with severe tympanic membrane retraction have tympano
  • PMID 24580124

和文文献

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  • Duane症候群に対する斜視手術の有効性 (第72回 日本弱視斜視学会(2))
  • Retraction: “Demonstration of electron beam excitation laser using a GaInN-based multiquantum well active layer”
  • Retraction: “Hall-effect measurements of metalorganic vapor-phase epitaxy-grown p-type homoepitaxial GaN layers with various Mg concentrations”

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★リンクテーブル★
リンク元regression」「involution」「陥没呼吸」「肋間陥入」「退縮
拡張検索Duane retraction syndrome

regression」

  [★]

  • n.
involuteinvolutioninvolutionalrecederecessionrecurrencerecurrentregressretractionretractoryretrogression

WordNet   license wordnet

「returning to a former state」
regress, reversion, retrogression, retroversion

WordNet   license wordnet

「(psychiatry) a defense mechanism in which you flee from reality by assuming a more infantile state」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the relation between selected values of x and observed values of y (from which the most probable value of y can be predicted for any value of x)」
simple regression, regression toward the mean, statistical regression

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「後退;退化,退歩」


involution」

  [★]

  • n.
atrophicatrophydegeneratedegenerationdwarfinvoluteinvolutionalregressregressionretractionretractoryretrogression

WordNet   license wordnet

「reduction in size of an organ or part (as in the return of the uterus to normal size after childbirth)」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the action of enfolding something」
enfolding

WordNet   license wordnet

「a long and intricate and complicated grammatical construction」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「巻き(包み)込むこと,巻き込まれた状態 / 複雑なもの,込み入ったもの」


陥没呼吸」

  [★]

retraction retractive
inspiratory retraction, retractive breathing
吸気性陥没陥凹呼吸
呼吸


  • 陥没呼吸、呻吟
  • 成人



肋間陥入」

  [★]

intercostal retraction
[show details]


退縮」

  [★]

regressionretractioninvolutionretractory
萎縮回帰退化退行巻き込み後退


Duane retraction syndrome」

  [★] デュアン眼球後退症候群




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