priming

出典: meddic

プライミング準備刺激初回刺激、(免疫)初回抗原刺激

primed


WordNet   license wordnet

「the act of making something ready」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「点火剤,起爆剤」

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2015/08/12 21:52:47」(JST)

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英文文献

  • Verbal worry facilitates attention to threat in high-worriers.
  • Williams MO, Mathews A, Hirsch CR.Author information King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, UK. Electronic address: marc.williams@queens.oxon.org.AbstractBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Worry is predominantly a verbal-linguistic process with relatively little imagery. This study investigated whether the verbal nature of worry contributes to the maintenance of worry by enhancing attention to threat. It was hypothesised that verbal worry would lead to greater attentional bias to threat than imagery-based worry.
  • Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry.J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry.2014 Mar;45(1):8-14. doi: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2013.05.006. Epub 2013 Jul 15.
  • BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Worry is predominantly a verbal-linguistic process with relatively little imagery. This study investigated whether the verbal nature of worry contributes to the maintenance of worry by enhancing attention to threat. It was hypothesised that verbal worry would lead to great
  • PMID 23906509
  • Preparation of saline-stable, silica-coated triangular silver nanoplates of use for optical sensing.
  • Brandon MP, Ledwith DM, Kelly JM.Author information School of Chemistry, Trinity College, University of Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland. Electronic address: brandonm@tcd.ie.AbstractTriangular silver nanoplates (TSNPs) may find application in next generation optical bio-sensors owing to the high sensitivity of the spectral position of their main plasmon band to changes in local refractive index. Unfortunately, etching of the anisotropic nanoplates to spherical particles occurs upon exposure to chloride ions from salt, with a concomitant decrease in optical sensitivity. Herein are detailed two general methods for the silica coating of TSNPs, with the aim of forming a protective barrier against chloride etching. It has been necessary to modify literature approaches for the coating of spherical Ag nanoparticles, since these are either ineffective for anisotropic nanoplates or lead to their degradation. The first method is a modified Stöber approach using tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) as the alkoxide precursor and dimethylamine in low concentration as the basic catalyst, with prior priming of the nanoplate surfaces by diaminopropane. The thickness of the silica layer can be tuned between 7 and 20nm by varying the primer and alkoxide concentrations. The second method involves deposition of a thin dense layer of silica from sodium silicate solution onto mercaptopropyltriethoxysilane (MPTES) or mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane (MPTMS) primed TSNPs. This latter method offers protection against anion etching - experiments suggest that the adsorbed MPTES provides much of the barrier to chloride ions, while the silica shell serves to prevent particle aggregation. It was found that the silica coated particles substantially retained the sensitivity to refractive index of the as-grown TSNPs while being able to withstand salt concentrations typical of bio-testing conditions.
  • Journal of colloid and interface science.J Colloid Interface Sci.2014 Feb 1;415:77-84. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2013.10.017. Epub 2013 Oct 21.
  • Triangular silver nanoplates (TSNPs) may find application in next generation optical bio-sensors owing to the high sensitivity of the spectral position of their main plasmon band to changes in local refractive index. Unfortunately, etching of the anisotropic nanoplates to spherical particles occurs
  • PMID 24267332
  • The effect of color priming on infant brain and behavior.
  • Wilcox T, Hirshkowitz A, Hawkins L, Boas DA.Author information Department of Psychology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA. Electronic address: twilcox@tamu.edu.AbstractBehavioral studies have identified select experiences that can prime infants to attend to color information as the basis for individuating objects prior to the time they do so spontaneously. For example, viewing pretest events in which the color of an object predicts the function in which it will engage leads 9-month-olds (who typically do not attend to color differences) to demonstrate increased sensitivity to color information in a subsequent individuation task (Wilcox and Chapa, 2004). In contrast, viewing pretest events in which the color of an object predicts distinct object motions, but the motions are not functionally relevant, does not produce color priming. The purpose of the present research was to identify the cortical underpinnings of these behavioral effects. Infants aged 8 and 9months viewed function or motion pretest events and then their capacity to individuate-by-color was assessed in an object individuation task. Behavioral and neuroimaging data were collected. Two main findings emerged. First, as predicted, the infants who viewed the function but not the motion pretest events showed prolonged looking to the test event, a behavioral indicator of object individuation. In addition, they evidenced increased activation in anterior temporal cortex, thought to be a cortical signature of object individuation. A second and unexpected finding was that viewing either type of pretest events led to increased activation in the posterior temporal cortex, as compared to infants who did not see pretest events, revealing that prior exposure to the motion pretest events does influence infants' processing of the test event, even though it is not evident in the behavioral results. The cognitive processes involved, and the cortical structures that mediate these processes, are discussed.
  • NeuroImage.Neuroimage.2014 Jan 15;85 Pt 1:302-13. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.08.045. Epub 2013 Sep 2.
  • Behavioral studies have identified select experiences that can prime infants to attend to color information as the basis for individuating objects prior to the time they do so spontaneously. For example, viewing pretest events in which the color of an object predicts the function in which it will en
  • PMID 24007805

和文文献

  • Inhibition of Automatic Semantic Processing in Children With High-Functioning Pervasive Developmental Disorders Having Reading Difficulty
  • 和音プライミングにおける妨害性の検証
  • 偶発記憶における分散効果とフォント型
  • 奈良教育大学紀要. 人文・社会科学 = Bulletin of Nara University of Education. 奈良教育大学 編 64(1), 33-39, 2015-11
  • NAID 40020676636

関連リンク

Priming is an implicit memory effect in which exposure to a stimulus influences a response to a later stimulus. It can occur following perceptual, semantic, or conceptual stimulus repetition. For example, if a person reads a list of words including ...
Priming may refer to: Priming (agriculture), a form of seed planting preparation, in which seeds are soaked before planting; Priming (immunology), a process occurring when a specific antigen is presented to naive lymphocytes causing them to ...

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★リンクテーブル★
リンク元準備刺激」「primed」「初回刺激」「プライミング」「初回抗原刺激
拡張検索pump priming」「cross-priming

準備刺激」

  [★]

primingprimed
初回刺激初回刺激を受けた初回抗原刺激薬物刺激プライミング

primed」

  [★]

priming


初回刺激」

  [★]

priming
準備刺激初回抗原刺激プライミング

プライミング」

  [★]

priming
初回刺激準備刺激初回抗原刺激


初回抗原刺激」

  [★]

priming
初回刺激準備刺激プライミング

pump priming」

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WordNet   license wordnet

「introducing water into a pump to improve the seal and start the water flowing」

cross-priming」

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交差提示

cross-presentation


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