opioid abuse/dependence

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  • Rate of progression from first use to dependence on cocaine or opioids: A cross-substance examination of associated demographic, psychiatric, and childhood risk factors.
  • Sartor CE, Kranzler HR, Gelernter J.Author information Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, 950 Campbell Avenue, 151D, West Haven, CT 06516, USA. Electronic address: carolyn.sartor@yale.edu.AbstractBACKGROUND: A number of demographic factors, psychiatric disorders, and childhood risk factors have been associated with cocaine dependence (CD) and opioid dependence (OD), but little is known about their relevance to the rate at which dependence develops. Identification of the subpopulations at elevated risk for rapid development of dependence and the risk factors that accelerate the course of dependence is an important public health goal.
  • Addictive behaviors.Addict Behav.2014 Feb;39(2):473-9. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.10.021. Epub 2013 Oct 18.
  • BACKGROUND: A number of demographic factors, psychiatric disorders, and childhood risk factors have been associated with cocaine dependence (CD) and opioid dependence (OD), but little is known about their relevance to the rate at which dependence develops. Identification of the subpopulations at ele
  • PMID 24238782
  • Psychometric Properties of the Adjective Rating Scale for Withdrawal across treatment groups, gender, and over time.
  • Barbosa-Leiker C, McPherson S, Mamey MR, Burns GL, Roll J.Author information Washington State University, College of Nursing, PO Box 1495, Spokane, WA, 99210-1495, USA; Department of Psychology, Washington State University, PO Box 4820, Pullman, WA, 99164-4820, USA; Programs of Excellence in Addictions Research, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-4820, USA; Translational Addictions Research Center, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-4820, USA. Electronic address: celestina@wsu.edu.AbstractThe Adjective Rating Scale for Withdrawal (ARSW) is commonly used to assess opiate withdrawal in clinical practice and research. The aims of this study were to examine the factor structure of the ARSW, test measurement invariance across gender and treatment groups, and assess longitudinal measurement invariance across the clinical trial. Secondary data analysis of the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network 000-3, a randomized clinical trial comparing two tapering strategies, was performed. The ARSW was analyzed at baseline, end of taper and 1-month follow-up (N=515 opioid-dependent individuals). A 1-factor model of the ARSW fit the data and demonstrated acceptable reliability. Measurement invariance was supported across gender and taper groups. Longitudinal measurement invariance was not found across the course of the trial, with baseline assessment contributing to the lack of invariance. If change over time is of interest, change from post-treatment through follow-up may offer the most valid comparison.
  • Journal of substance abuse treatment.J Subst Abuse Treat.2014 Feb;46(2):251-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2013.08.020. Epub 2013 Sep 24.
  • The Adjective Rating Scale for Withdrawal (ARSW) is commonly used to assess opiate withdrawal in clinical practice and research. The aims of this study were to examine the factor structure of the ARSW, test measurement invariance across gender and treatment groups, and assess longitudinal measuremen
  • PMID 24074852

関連リンク

Print Version In This Article Are Opioid Addictive? Understanding Opioid Dependency and Tolerance Effects/Side Effects Withdrawal and Detoxification Treatment for Opioid Addiction The opioid family of narcotics, which includes codeine ...
Opioids are powerful pain killers that are highly addictive. Opioid dependence affects nearly 5 million people in the United States and leads to approximately 17,000 deaths annually. [1] According to the CDC, rates of ...

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★リンクテーブル★
関連記事abuse」「dependence」「abused」「opioid

abuse」

  [★]

  • vt.
  • (才能、地位、人の好意などを)濫用する、悪用する、誤用する。(薬物などを)濫用する
  • 虐待する、酷使する。口汚く罵る、罵倒する
  • n.
  • 濫用、悪用、誤用。(薬物、酒などの)不正使用、過剰摂取、濫用。悪弊、悪習
  • 虐待、酷使


  • ex.


substance abuse
dependence

WordNet   license wordnet

「use wrongly or improperly or excessively; "Her husband often abuses alcohol"; "while she was pregnant, she abused drugs"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「use foul or abusive language towards; "The actress abused the policeman who gave her a parking ticket"; "The angry mother shouted at the teacher"」
clapperclaw, blackguard, shout

WordNet   license wordnet

「a rude expression intended to offend or hurt; "when a student made a stupid mistake he spared them no abuse"; "they yelled insults at the visiting team"」
insult, revilement, contumely, vilification

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈U〉〈C〉(自分の,あるいは人の権利などの)『乱用』,悪用《+『of』+『名』》 / 〈C〉《しばしば複数形で》悪習,悪弊 / 〈U〉『悪口』,悪態,ののしり / 〈地位・権力など〉'を'『乱用する』,悪用する / …'を'『虐待する』(maltreat),酷使する / …'を'『ののしる』,‘の'悪口をいう」

dependence」

  [★]

  • n.
  • たよること、依存、依存状態。信頼、依存関係。依存症
  • あよりとなるもの、頼みの綱
dependdependent


WordNet   license wordnet

「the state of relying on or being controlled by someone or something else」
dependance, dependency

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「(…に)頼ること,(…への)依存,依頼《+『on(upon)』+『名』》 / (…への)信頼,信用《+『on』+『名』》」


abused」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「used improperly or excessively especially drugs; "an abused substance"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「subjected to cruel treatment; "an abused wife"」
ill-treated, maltreated, mistreated


opioid」

  [★] オピオイド

opioids




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