nosocomial infections

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2016/02/04 18:46:36」(JST)

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  • Impact of ventilator-associated pneumonia on mortality and epidemiological features of patients with secondary peritonitis.
  • Heredia-Rodríguez M1,2, Peláez MT3, Fierro I4, Gómez-Sánchez E5,6, Gómez-Pesquera E5,6, Lorenzo M5,6, Álvarez-González FJ4, Bustamante-Munguira J7, Eiros JM6,8, Bermejo-Martin JF6,9, Gómez-Herreras JI5,6, Tamayo E5,6.
  • Annals of intensive care.Ann Intensive Care.2016 Dec;6(1):34. doi: 10.1186/s13613-016-0137-5. Epub 2016 Apr 18.
  • BACKGROUND: Despite the significant impact of nosocomial infections on the morbidity and mortality of patients staying in the intensive care unit (ICU), no study over the past 20 years has focused specifically on VAP following secondary peritonitis. The objective of the present study was to determi
  • PMID 27090531
  • Clinico-bacteriological profile of primary pyodermas in Kashmir: a hospital-based study.
  • Bhat YJ1, Hassan I, Bashir S, Farhana A, Maroof P.
  • The journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh.J R Coll Physicians Edinb.2016 Dec;46(1):8-13. doi: 10.4997/JRCPE.2016.103.
  • Pyodermas are a common group of infectious dermatological conditions on which few studies have been conducted. This study aimed to characterise the clinical and bacteriological profile of pyodermas, and to determine the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection in pr
  • PMID 27092362
  • Time Lags between Exanthematous Illness Attributed to Zika Virus, Guillain-Barré Syndrome, and Microcephaly, Salvador, Brazil.
  • Paploski IA, Prates AP, Cardoso CW, Kikuti M, Silva MM, Waller LA, Reis MG, Kitron U, Ribeiro GS.
  • Emerging infectious diseases.Emerg Infect Dis.2016 Aug 15;22(8). doi: 10.3201/eid2208.160496. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Zika virus infection emerged as a public health emergency after increasing evidence for its association with neurologic disorders and congenital malformations. In Salvador, Brazil, outbreaks of acute exanthematous illness (AEI) attributed to Zika virus, Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), and microcepha
  • PMID 27144515


  • 厚生労働省院内感染対策サーベイランス(JANIS)事業 : 検査部門の概要 (今月の特集 感染症サーベイランスの実際)
  • 筒井 敦子,鈴木 里和
  • 臨床検査 59(8), 774-779, 2015-08
  • NAID 40020546740
  • 2012年、2013年ICUサーベイランス結果報告
  • 加納 昭美,吉田 晃,大津 聡子,古宮 信洋,久保 健児,田中 康之,稲崎 妙子,坂口 勝彦,中山 博文,山田 和弘,池田 紀男,井戸向 昌哉,塩崎 敬,山野 文大,西脇 祐一
  • 日本赤十字社和歌山医療センター医学雑誌 = Medical journal of Japanese Red Cross Society Wakayama Medical Center 32, 65-70, 2015-05-01
  • … 救命ICUでは、厚生労働省サーベイランス事業(Japan Nosocomial Infections Surveillance : JANIS)を基にしたデバイス関連感染サーベイランスを実施しており、今回2012年から2013年の判定結果をまとめた。 … この結果を日本環境感染学会サーベイランス事業(Japanese Healthcare Associated Infections Surveillance : JHAIS)のデータサマリーでベンチマークし評価した。 …
  • NAID 120005643400
  • In-hospital Airborne Tuberculous Infection from a Lesion of Calcified Pleural Thickening during Thoracic Surgery in a Patient with Lung Cancer
  • Akata Kentaro,Kawanami Toshinori,Yatera Kazuhiro,Tachiwada Takashi,Takenaka Masaru,Noguchi Shingo,Yamasaki Kei,Nishida Chinatsu,Orihashi Takeshi,Ishimoto Hiroshi,Yoshii Chiharu,Tanaka Fumihiro,Mukae Hiroshi
  • Internal Medicine 54(20), 2699-2703, 2015
  • … Consequently, two of the 14 healthcare professionals who had been in the operating room were diagnosed with latent tuberculous infections. … Therefore, strict precautions against airborne infections are required to prevent the in-hospital transmission of M. …
  • NAID 130005103218


Healthcare-associated Infections (HAI) 7 Core Elements of Antibiotic Stewardship for Nursing Homes Vital Signs: Stop Spread of Antibiotic Resistance New Data : Hospital Infections - Some Progress, but More Work Needed ...
Infections acquired during a hospital stay are called nosocomial infections. Formally, they are are defined as infections arising after 48 hours of hospital admission. For earlier periods it is presumably assumed that the infection arose prior ...


 nosocomial infections (NI) and a potentialNosocomial infectionsNosocomial infectionsNosocomial Infections: Do You Really Want NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONSNosocomial infections




hospital infection, hospital-acquired infection, nosocomial infection
院内感染対策院内感染症院内感染サーベイランスcatheter-related infections


  • 尿路感染(最多、40%を占める)、術創部感染症、肺炎、血管内カテーテル感染症、敗血症、腸炎




healthcare-associated infection, healthcare-associated infections, health care-associated infections
院内感染 nosocomial infections
  • 定義:入院後48時間以降に発症した感染症。
  • 原因:医原性(カテーテル、人工呼吸器、手術部位、薬剤性)
  • 主要な原因菌



  • n.
contagioninfectinfectious diseaseinfestationtransmissiontransmit

WordNet   license wordnet

「(medicine) the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms and their multiplication which can lead to tissue damage and disease」

WordNet   license wordnet

「(phonetics) the alteration of a speech sound under the influence of a neighboring sound」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the pathological state resulting from the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms」

WordNet   license wordnet

「(international law) illegality that taints or contaminates a ship or cargo rendering it liable to seizure」

WordNet   license wordnet

「moral corruption or contamination; "ambitious men are led astray by an infection that is almost unavoidable"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「an incident in which an infectious disease is transmitted」
contagion, transmission

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈U〉(病気の)伝染;感染 / 〈C〉伝染病」



  • adj.
  • 院内の
(comb form.)nos, noso 疾病、病気

WordNet   license wordnet

「taking place or originating in a hospital; "nosocomial infection"」