muscle tone

出典: meddic

筋緊張


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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2015/08/09 20:10:51」(JST)

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英文文献

  • Investigation of neurogenic excitatory and inhibitory motor responses and their control by 5-HT(4) receptors in circular smooth muscle of pig descending colon.
  • Priem EK, Lefebvre RA.AbstractThe aim of this study was to investigate whether the pig colon descendens might be a good model for the responses mediated via the different locations of human colonic 5-HT(4) receptors. The intrinsic excitatory and inhibitory motor neurotransmission in pig colon descendens was therefore first characterized. In circular smooth muscle strips, electrical field stimulation (EFS) at basal tone induced only in the combined presence of the NO synthase inhibitor N(ω)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (L-NAME) and the SK channel blocker apamin voltage-dependent on-contractions. These on-contractions were largely reduced by the neuronal conductance blocker tetrodotoxin (TTX) and by the muscarinic receptor antagonist atropine, illustrating activation of cholinergic neurons. The 5-HT(4) receptor agonist prucalopride facilitated submaximal EFS-evoked cholinergic contractions and this effect was prevented by the 5-HT(4) receptor antagonist GR113808, supporting the presence of facilitating 5-HT(4) receptors on the cholinergic nerve endings innervating circular muscle in pig colon descendens. Relaxations were induced by EFS in strips pre-contracted with substance P in the presence of atropine. The responses at lower stimulation voltages were abolished by TTX. L-NAME or apamin alone did not influence or only moderately reduced the relaxations, but L-NAME plus apamin abolished the relaxations at lower stimulation voltages, suggesting that NO and ATP act as inhibitory neurotransmitters in a redundant way. Prucalopride did not influence the EFS-induced relaxations at lower stimulation voltage, nor did it per se relax contracted circular muscle strips. No evidence for relaxing 5-HT(4) receptors, either on inhibitory neurons or on the muscle cells was thus obtained in pig colon descendens circular muscle.
  • European journal of pharmacology.Eur J Pharmacol.2011 Sep 30;667(1-3):365-74. Epub 2011 Jun 26.
  • The aim of this study was to investigate whether the pig colon descendens might be a good model for the responses mediated via the different locations of human colonic 5-HT(4) receptors. The intrinsic excitatory and inhibitory motor neurotransmission in pig colon descendens was therefore first chara
  • PMID 21723862
  • Adventitia-Derived Hydrogen Peroxide Impairs Relaxation of the Rat Carotid Artery via Smooth Muscle Cell p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase.
  • Cascino T, Csanyi G, Al Ghouleh I, Montezano AC, Touyz RM, Haurani MJ, Pagano PJ.Source1 Hypertension and Vascular Research Division, Henry Ford Health System , Detroit, Michigan.
  • Antioxidants & redox signaling.Antioxid Redox Signal.2011 Sep 15;15(6):1507-15. Epub 2011 Apr 8.
  • Abstract The role of adventitia-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) in vascular disease and impaired vascular relaxation is not clear. Based on robust adventitial ROS generation and effects on MAPK involvement in vascular dysfunction, we hypothesized that adventitia-derived ROS hydrogen peroxide (
  • PMID 21126185

和文文献

  • Muscle tone changes in the lower limbs of stroke patients induced by trunk stabilization exercises
  • Rhee Min-Hyung,Kim Laurentius Jongsoon
  • Journal of Physical Therapy Science 27(8), 2663-2664, 2015
  • … [Conclusion] Trunk stabilization exercises help control the muscle tone in stroke patients. …
  • NAID 130005093930
  • Upper extremity muscle tone and response of tidal volume during manually assisted breathing for patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation
  • Morino Akira,Shida Masahiro,Tanaka Masashi,Sato Kimihiro,Seko Toshiaki,Ito Shunsuke,Ogawa Shunichi,Yokoi Yuka,Takahashi Naoaki
  • Journal of Physical Therapy Science 27(8), 2509-2513, 2015
  • … [Purpose] The aim of the present study was to examine, in patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation, if the response of tidal volume during manually assisted breathing is dependent upon both upper extremity muscle tone and the pressure intensity of manually assisted breathing. …
  • NAID 130005093905
  • Predictive factors of hypertonia in the upper extremity of chronic stroke survivors
  • Lee GyuChang,An SeungHeon,Lee YunBok,Lee DongGeon,Park Dong-sik
  • Journal of Physical Therapy Science 27(8), 2545-2549, 2015
  • … [Purpose] Muscle tone is known to predict the motor function of the upper extremity within 12 months after onset in stroke survivors. … [Subjects and Methods] Forty-three chronic stroke survivors were assessed using the Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS) for elbow flexor tone, the Fugl-Meyer assessment of the upper extremity (FM-UE), and the Action Research Arm Test (ARAT) for upper extremity motor recovery and function. …
  • NAID 130005093902

関連リンク

In physiology, medicine, and anatomy, muscle tone (residual muscle tension or tonus) is the continuous and passive partial contraction of the muscles, or the muscle's resistance to passive stretch during resting state. It helps maintain posture, ...
This article explains what muscle tone is (both the actual definition and the popular definition) and how it can be developed. There is also a discussion addressing the concerns of women who want to develop muscle tone without gaining too ...

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Muscle ToneMuscle ToneMuscle Tone For Muscle Tone Instead of Muscle MassHot Wheels Guide - Muscle ToneBest Ways To Build Muscle Tone


★リンクテーブル★
リンク元muscle tightness」「筋緊張
拡張検索decreased muscle tone
関連記事tone」「to」「muscle」「toned」「ton

muscle tightness」

  [★]

muscle tensionmuscle tonemuscle tonusmyotonia


筋緊張」

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muscle tonus, tonus (KH), muscle tone
筋緊張症



decreased muscle tone」

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hypotoniamuscle hypotoniamuscular flacciditymuscular hypotonia


tone」

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  • n.
soundstrainstresstonicitytonus

WordNet   license wordnet

「vary the pitch of one''s speech」
inflect, modulate

WordNet   license wordnet

「give a healthy elasticity to; "Let''s tone our muscles"」
tone up, strengthen

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「change the color or tone of; "tone a negative"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「change to a color image; "tone a photographic image"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「a steady sound without overtones; "they tested his hearing with pure tones of different frequencies"」
pure tone

WordNet   license wordnet

「the quality of a person''s voice; "he began in a conversational tone"; "he spoke in a nervous tone of voice"」
tone of voice

WordNet   license wordnet

「a musical interval of two semitones」
whole tone, step, whole step

WordNet   license wordnet

「the quality of something (an act or a piece of writing) that reveals the attitudes and presuppositions of the author; "the general tone of articles appearing in the newspapers is that the government should withdraw"; "from the tone of her behavior I gathe」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈C〉(高さ・音色・長さ・音量の点から見た)『音』 / 〈C〉〈U〉音質 / 〈C〉楽音;全音程 / 〈C〉《しばしば複数形で》『言い方,書き方』,口調,語調 / 〈C〉支配的な(一般的な)風潮(傾向) / 〈U〉(筋肉などの緊張の)『正常な状態』 / 〈C〉『色調』,色合い,濃淡,明暗 / (音・色などで)…‘に'『ある調子(口調,色合い)をつける』 / …‘の'色を変える,色を補正する」

WordNet   license wordnet

「(linguistics) a pitch or change in pitch of the voice that serves to distinguish words in tonal languages; "the Beijing dialect uses four tones"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「utter monotonously and repetitively and rhythmically; "The students chanted the same slogan over and over again"」
chant, intone

to」

  [★]

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「《方向》(1)(到着の意を含めて)…『へ』,に,まで / 《状況の変化》…[のほう]へ;…に[なるまで],その結果…になる / 《適用範囲》(1)《動詞に伴って》『…に対して』,に,へ / (2)《形容詞[句]・[代]名倍に伴って》『…に対して』 / 《程度・範囲》『…[に至る]まで』 / 《時間の終り》『…まで』(till) / 《to one's+『名』の形で》(…が)『…したことに[は]』 / 《比較・対比・割合》『…と比べて』,より,に対して / 《一致・適合》『…に合わせて』,に合って,に応じて / 《目的・意図》『…のために』 / 《運命・境遇》『…に』 / 《所属・関係》『…へ』,に[対して] / 《付加・付着・固執》『…に』 / 《対立・対向》…に[対して] / いつもの状態(位置)に / 停止(閉鎖)の状態に / 活動状態に(へ),仕事に」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「《名詞的用法》『…すること』 / 《形容詞的用法》『…するための,すべき』 / 《副詞的用法》『…するために』,して,するとは,すれば / 《独立用法》 / 《文全体を修飾する慣用語句》…すれば,してみると,…だが / 短縮文」


muscle」

  [★]

  • n.

WordNet   license wordnet

「make one''s way by force; "He muscled his way into the office"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「animal tissue consisting predominantly of contractile cells」
muscular tissue

WordNet   license wordnet

「one of the contractile organs of the body」
musculus

WordNet   license wordnet

「authority or power or force (especially when used in a coercive way); "the senators used their muscle to get the party leader to resign"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈U〉(動物体の組織としての)『筋肉』,筋(きん);〈C〉(体の各部を動かす)筋肉 / 〈U〉力,(特に)筋力,腕力 / 《俗に》(…に)強引に割り込む《+『in on』(『into, through』)+『名』》」

toned」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「having or distinguished by a tone; often used in combination; "full-toned"; "silver-toned"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「having or characterized or distinguished by tone or a specific tone; often used in combination; "full-toned"; "shrill-toned"; "deep-toned"」

ton」

  [★]

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「(重量単位の)『トン』 / (容積単位の)トン(物によって異なり,木材では40立方フィート,小麦では20立方フィート) / 《話》大量(の…),多数(の…)《+of+名》」



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