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- 1. 大腸癌の分子遺伝学 molecular genetics of colorectal cancer
- 2. リンチ症候群（遺伝性非ポリポーシス大腸癌）の臨床的特徴および診断 clinical features and diagnosis of lynch syndrome hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer
- 3. 血管内腹部大動脈修復術の合併症 complications of endovascular abdominal aortic repair
- 4. 胸部大動脈の鈍的損傷の手術および血管内修復 surgical and endovascular repair of blunt thoracic aortic injury
- 5. 重度の慢性僧帽弁閉鎖不全症に対する外科的手技 surgical procedures for severe chronic mitral regurgitation
- Promoter Methylation of MLH1, PMS2, MSH2 and p16 Is a Phenomenon of Advanced-Stage HCCs.
- Hinrichsen I, Kemp M, Peveling-Oberhag J, Passmann S, Plotz G, Zeuzem S, Brieger A.Author information Medical Clinic I, Biomedical Research Laboratory, Goethe-University, Frankfurt a.M., Germany.AbstractEpigenetic silencing of tumour suppressor genes has been observed in various cancers. Looking at hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) specific protein silencing was previously demonstrated to be associated with the Hepatitis C virus (HCV). However, the proposed HCV dependent promoter methylation of DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes and thereby enhanced progression of hepatocarcinogenesis has been the subject of controversial discussion. We investigated promoter methylation pattern of the MMR genes MLH1, MSH2 and PMS2 as well as the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A gene (p16) in 61 well characterized patients with HCCs associated with HCV, Hepatitis B virus infection or alcoholic liver disease. DNA was isolated from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumour and non-tumour adjacent tissue and analysed by methylation-specific PCR. Moreover, microsatellite analysis was performed in tissues showing methylation in MMR gene promoters. Our data demonstrated that promoter methylation of MLH1, MSH2, PMS2 and p16 is present among all considered HCCs. Hereby, promoter silencing was detectable more frequently in advanced-stage HCCs than in low-stage ones. However, there was no significant correlation between aberrant DNA methylation of MMR genes or p16 and HCV infection in related HCC specimens. In summary, we show that promoter methylation of essential MMR genes and p16 is detectable in HCCs most dominantly in pT3 stage tumour cases. Since loss of MMR proteins was previously described to be not only responsible for tumour development but also for chemotherapy resistance, the knowledge of mechanisms jointly responsible for HCC progression might enable significant improvement of individual HCC therapy in the future.
- PloS one.PLoS One.2014 Jan 6;9(1):e84453. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0084453.
- Epigenetic silencing of tumour suppressor genes has been observed in various cancers. Looking at hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) specific protein silencing was previously demonstrated to be associated with the Hepatitis C virus (HCV). However, the proposed HCV dependent promoter methylation of DNA mi
- PMID 24400091
- Proteogenomic analysis reveals unanticipated adaptations of colorectal tumor cells to deficiencies in DNA mismatch repair.
- Halvey PJ, Wang X, Wang J, Bhat AA, Dhawan P, Li M, Zhang B, Liebler DC, Slebos RJ.Author information Authors' Affiliations: Departments of Biochemistry, Biomedical Informatics, Surgery, Cancer Biology, and Biostatistics; and Jim Ayers Institute for Precancer Detection and Diagnosis, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee.AbstractA growing body of genomic data on human cancers poses the critical question of how genomic variations translate to cancer phenotypes. We used standardized shotgun proteomics and targeted protein quantitation platforms to analyze a panel of 10 colon cancer cell lines differing by mutations in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes. In addition, we performed transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq) to enable detection of protein sequence variants from the proteomic data. Biologic replicate cultures yielded highly consistent proteomic inventories with a cumulative total of 6,513 protein groups with a protein false discovery rate of 3.17% across all cell lines. Networks of coexpressed proteins with differential expression based on MMR status revealed impact on protein folding, turnover and transport, on cellular metabolism and on DNA and RNA synthesis and repair. Analysis of variant amino acid sequences suggested higher stability of proteins affected by naturally occurring germline polymorphisms than of proteins affected by somatic protein sequence changes. The data provide evidence for multisystem adaptation to MMR deficiency with a stress response that targets misfolded proteins for degradation through the ubiquitin-dependent proteasome pathway. Enrichment analysis suggested epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in RKO cells, as evidenced by increased mobility and invasion properties compared with SW480. The observed proteomic profiles demonstrate previously unknown consequences of altered DNA repair and provide an expanded basis for mechanistic interpretation of MMR phenotypes. Cancer Res; 74(1); 387-97. ©2013 AACR.
- Cancer research.Cancer Res.2014 Jan 1;74(1):387-97. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-13-2488. Epub 2013 Nov 18.
- A growing body of genomic data on human cancers poses the critical question of how genomic variations translate to cancer phenotypes. We used standardized shotgun proteomics and targeted protein quantitation platforms to analyze a panel of 10 colon cancer cell lines differing by mutations in DNA mis
- PMID 24247723
- Minimizing adsorption of histidine-tagged proteins for the study of protein-deoxyribonucleic acid interactions by kinetic capillary electrophoresis.
- Liyanage R, Krylova SM, Krylov SN.Author information Centre for Research on Biomolecular Interactions and Department of Chemistry, York University, Toronto, ON M2N 3P5, Canada.AbstractAffinity interactions between DNA and proteins play a crucial role in many cellular processes. Kinetic Capillary Electrophoresis is a highly efficient tool for kinetic and equilibrium studies of protein-DNA interactions. Recombinant proteins, which are typically used for in vitro studies of protein-DNA interactions, are often expressed with a His tag to aid in their purification. In this work, we study how His tags affect Kinetic Capillary Electrophoresis analysis of protein-DNA interactions. We found that the addition of a His tag can increase or decrease protein adsorption to a bare-silica capillary wall, dependent on the protein. For Kinetic Capillary Electrophoresis measurements, it is essential to have as little protein adsorption as possible. We screened a number of capillary coatings to reduce adsorption of the His-tagged DNA mismatch repair protein MutS to the capillary wall and found that UltraTrol LN was the most effective coating. The effectiveness of the coating was confirmed with the prevention of adsorption of His-tagged fat mass and obesity-associated protein. Under typical conditions, the coating reduced protein adsorption to a level at which accurate Kinetic Capillary Electrophoresis analysis of protein-DNA interactions was possible. We further used Kinetic Capillary Electrophoresis to study how the His tag affected Kd of protein-DNA interactions for the MutS protein. Using UltraTrol LN, we found that the effect of the His tag was insignificant.
- Journal of chromatography. A.J Chromatogr A.2013 Dec 27;1322:90-6. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2013.11.001. Epub 2013 Nov 8.
- Affinity interactions between DNA and proteins play a crucial role in many cellular processes. Kinetic Capillary Electrophoresis is a highly efficient tool for kinetic and equilibrium studies of protein-DNA interactions. Recombinant proteins, which are typically used for in vitro studies of protein-
- PMID 24275486
- Production of Extrachromosomal MicroDNAs Is Linked to Mismatch Repair Pathways and Transcriptional Activity
- Cell Reports 11(11), 1749-1759, 2015-06-23
- NAID 120005829370
- YAKUGAKU ZASSHI 135(1), 3-9, 2015
- NAID 130004756466
- 好熱性細菌Geobacillus stearothermophilusのミスマッチDNA認識タンパク質の同定
- 東洋食品工業短期大学紀要 = Bulletin of Toyo College of Food Technology (1), 9-15, 2012
- NAID 40019606330
- 1. Mutat Res. 2000 Aug 30;460(3-4):245-56. Structure and function of mismatch repair proteins. Yang W(1). Author information: (1)Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney ...
- DNA mismatch repair is required for maintaining genomic stability and is highly conserved from prokaryotes to eukaryotes. Errors made during DNA replication, su ... Fig. 1. Three crystal structures of E. coli MutH. (a) Cα trace of ...