methamphetamine

出典: meddic

メタンフェタミン

WordNet   license wordnet

「an amphetamine derivative (trade name Methedrine) used in the form of a crystalline hydrochloride; used as a stimulant to the nervous system and as an appetite suppressant」
methamphetamine hydrochloride, Methedrine, meth, deoxyephedrine, chalk, chicken feed, crank, glass, ice, shabu, trash

Wikipedia preview

出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2015/01/23 10:33:09」(JST)

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2017/09/15 15:28:40」(JST)

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UpToDate Contents

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英文文献

  • Psychometric properties of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale in patients with gambling disorders, hypersexuality, and methamphetamine dependence.
  • Reid RC1, Cyders MA2, Moghaddam JF3, Fong TW3.
  • Addictive behaviors.Addict Behav.2014 Nov;39(11):1640-5. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.11.008. Epub 2013 Nov 19.
  • Although the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS; Patton, Stanford, & Barratt, 1995) is a widely-used self-report measure of impulsivity, there have been numerous questions about the invariance of the factor structure across clinical populations (Haden & Shiva, 2008, 2009; Ireland & Archer,
  • PMID 24314714
  • Natural attenuation of pharmaceuticals and an illicit drug in a laboratory column experiment.
  • Greenhagen AM1, Lenczewski ME2, Carroll M1.
  • Chemosphere.Chemosphere.2014 Nov;115:13-9. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.01.015. Epub 2014 Mar 1.
  • Trace amounts of pharmaceutical compounds have been detected in waters across the United States. Many compounds are released as the result of human ingestion and subsequent excretion of over-the-counter and prescription medications, and illicit drugs. This research utilized columns (30×30cm) of san
  • PMID 24594486
  • Occurrence and removal of drugs of abuse in Wastewater Treatment Plants of Valencia (Spain).
  • Andrés-Costa MJ1, Rubio-López N2, Morales Suárez-Varela M2, Pico Y3.
  • Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987).Environ Pollut.2014 Nov;194:152-62. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2014.07.019. Epub 2014 Aug 8.
  • The occurrence of 8 drugs of abuse and metabolites in the influent and effluent of the 3 Wastewater Treatment Plants (WWTP) that treat wastewater from Valencia was studied in 2011, 2012 and 2013. Target drugs except 6-monoacetylmorphine (6-ACMOR) were detected in 100% of the influents. The WWTPs eli
  • PMID 25108491
  • Critical role of insulin‑like growth factor binding protein‑5 in methamphetamine‑induced apoptosis in cardiomyocytes.
  • Leung KP, Qu YH, Qiao DF, Xie WB, Li DR, Xu JT, Wang HJ, Yue X.
  • Molecular medicine reports.Mol Med Rep.2014 Nov;10(5):2306-12. doi: 10.3892/mmr.2014.2572. Epub 2014 Sep 16.
  • Methamphetamine (MA) is a highly abused amphetamine‑like psychostimulant. At present, the mechanisms underlying MA‑induced cardiotoxicity are poorly understood. The cardiotoxic effects have yet not been clearly elucidated with respect to the apoptotic pathway. Insulin‑like growth factor bindin
  • PMID 25230843

和文文献

  • 覚醒剤使用歴のある母体から出生した新生児例
  • 熊坂 栄,峯 牧子,中島 瑞恵 [他]
  • 日本小児科学会雑誌 = The journal of the Japan Pediatric Society 116(11), 1733-1736, 2012-11
  • NAID 40019490381
  • 薬物依存症に対する新たな治療プログラム「SMARPP」 : 司法・医療・地域における継続した支援体制の構築を目指して (特集 アルコール・薬物関連障害)
  • Methamphetamine causes anorexia in Drosophila melanogaster, exhausting metabolic reserves and contributing to mortality
  • WALTERS Kent R. Jr.,RUPASSARA S. Indu,MARKELZ R. J. Cody,LEAKEY Andrew D. B.,MUIR William M.,PITTENDRIGH Barry R.
  • Journal of toxicological sciences 37(4), 773-790, 2012-08-01
  • NAID 10030502377
  • デュアルエナジー型X線検査装置を用いるメタンフェタミン迅速判定の可能性
  • 中野 和彦,水田 完,山崎 良,宮下 広海,片田 徹,中村 正巳,青山 繁俊
  • 分析化学 = Japan analyst 61(7), 605-611, 2012-07-05
  • デュアルエナジー型X線検査装置を用いた覚醒剤(メタンフェタミン)の自動判定システムについて検討を行った.デュアルエナジー型X線検査装置の物質識別能力の理論計算は,高エネルギーのX線及び低エネルギーのX線を照射した場合のX線の吸収差の違いを利用したα-curve modelにより算出した.メタンフェタミンを含む11種類の物質について理論計算を行った結果,メタンフェタミンと有機物,無機物及び金属を識別 …
  • NAID 10030495017

関連リンク

As a result of methamphetamine-induced neurotoxicity to dopaminergic neurons, chronic abuse may also lead to post acute withdrawals which persist beyond the withdrawal period for months, and even up to a year. A study performed on ...
Methamphetamine is a central nervous system stimulant drug that is similar in structure to amphetamine. Due to its high potential for abuse, methamphetamine is classified as a Schedule II drug and is available only through a prescription that ...
Methamphetamine is a very addictive stimulant that is closely related to amphetamine. It is long lasting and toxic to dopamine nerve terminals in the central nervous system. It is a white, odorless, bitter-tasting powder taken orally or by snorting ...

関連画像

methamphetamine pipe ice methamphetamine of medical expertise in Methamphetamine Une campagne choc contre les ravages de la  of Mixing Methamphetamine and Alcoholdrug testing prevents methamphetamine's MethamphetamineMethamphetaminemethamphetamine pipe ice methamphetamine


★リンクテーブル★
リンク元薬物濫用」「メタンフェタミン」「中枢神経興奮薬」「metamfetamine
拡張検索methylenedioxymethamphetamine」「methamphetamine hydrochloride」「3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine

薬物濫用」

  [★]

drug abuse, substance abuse
薬物乱用
薬物依存、薬物嗜癖、物質乱用物質依存症薬物使用接着剤吸引


薬物使用が身体に及ぼす効果

  • 濫用 substance abuse:a pattern of abnormal substance use that leads to impairment of occupational, physical, or social functioning(BBS.73)
  • 依存 substance dependence:ub stance abuse puls withdrawal symptoms, tolerance, or a pattern of repetitive use(BBS.73)
  • 離脱 withdrawal:the development of physical or pschological symptoms after the reduction or cessation of intake of a substance(BBS.73)
  • 耐性 tolerance:the need for increased amounts of the substance to achieve the same positive psychological effect(BBS.73)
  • 交差耐性 cross-tolerance:the development of tolerance to one substance as the result of using another substance(BBS.73)

薬物

  • コカイン cocaine crack freebase 精神依存有り。身体依存無し 精神依存生じやすい。耐性発現殆ど無し コカ

精神依存、身体依存

  精神依存 身体依存
コカイン、アンフェタミン類(アンフェタミン、メチルフェタミン)、大麻  
麻薬(モルヒネヘロインコデイン)、バルビツール酸系(フェノバルビタールチオペンタール)、アルコール




メタンフェタミン」

  [★]

methamphetamine
塩酸メタンフェタミン
ヒロポン
アンフェタミン


  • 覚醒アミン

作用機序 (SPC.210-211)

薬理作用 (SPC.210-211)

  • 気分高揚、疲労感消失、不眠、知的活動上昇、呼吸刺激、食欲減退

適応

副作用 (SPC.210-211)

  • 振戦、被刺激性上昇、不眠、けいれん、心興奮作用(頭痛、心悸亢進、不整脈、胸痛)
  • 慢性中毒:妄想型精神分裂病に類似した症状。精神依存


中枢神経興奮薬」

  [★]

cerntral nervous system stimulant, CNS stimulant
中枢興奮薬
薬理学
  • 中枢神経系の機能を亢進する薬物の総称

中枢神経興奮薬

  • 覚醒アミン


metamfetamine」

  [★]

メタンフェタミン

methamphetaminemethamphetamine hydrochloride

methylenedioxymethamphetamine」

  [★] メチレンジオキシメタンフェタミン

WordNet   license wordnet

「a stimulant drug that is chemically related to mescaline and amphetamine and is used illicitly for its euphoric and hallucinogenic effects; it was formerly used in psychotherapy but in 1985 it was declared illegal in the United States; "MDMA is often used at parties because it enables partygoers to remain active for long periods of time"」
MDMA


methamphetamine hydrochloride」

  [★]

metamfetaminemethamphetamine


3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine」

  [★] メチレンジオキシメタンフェタミン




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