male genital system

出典: meddic

男性生殖器系

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2015/12/23 20:44:11」(JST)

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英文文献

  • Coordinated activity of Spry1 and Spry2 is required for normal development of the external genitalia.
  • Ching ST1, Cunha GR2, Baskin LS2, Basson MA3, Klein OD4.Author information 1Department of Orofacial Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, United States; Department of Urology, University of California, San Francisco, United States.2Department of Urology, University of California, San Francisco, United States.3Department of Craniofacial Development and Stem Cell Biology, King's College, London, UK.4Department of Orofacial Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, United States; Program in Craniofacial and Mesenchymal Biology, University of California, San Francisco, United States; Institute for Human Genetics, University of California, San Francisco, United States; Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, United States. Electronic address: ophir.klein@ucsf.edu.AbstractDevelopment of the mammalian external genitalia is controlled by a network of signaling molecules and transcription factors. Because FGF signaling plays a central role in this complicated morphogenetic process, we investigated the role of Sprouty genes, which are important intracellular modulators of FGF signaling, during embryonic development of the external genitalia in mice. We found that Sprouty genes are expressed by the urethral epithelium during embryogenesis, and that they have a critical function during urethral canalization and fusion. Development of the genital tubercle (GT), the anlage of the prepuce and glans penis in males and glans clitoris in females, was severely affected in male embryos carrying null alleles of both Spry1 and Spry2. In Spry1(-/-);Spry2(-/-) embryos, the internal tubular urethra was absent, and urothelial morphology and organization was abnormal. These effects were due, in part, to elevated levels of epithelial cell proliferation in Spry1(-/-);Spry2(-/-) embryos. Despite changes in overall organization, terminal differentiation of the urothelium was not significantly affected. Characterization of the molecular pathways that regulate normal GT development confirmed that deletion of Sprouty genes leads to elevated FGF signaling, whereas levels of signaling in other cascades were largely preserved. Together, these results show that levels of FGF signaling must be tightly regulated during embryonic development of the external genitalia in mice, and that this regulation is mediated in part through the activity of Sprouty gene products.
  • Developmental biology.Dev Biol.2014 Feb 1;386(1):1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2013.12.014. Epub 2013 Dec 18.
  • Development of the mammalian external genitalia is controlled by a network of signaling molecules and transcription factors. Because FGF signaling plays a central role in this complicated morphogenetic process, we investigated the role of Sprouty genes, which are important intracellular modulators o
  • PMID 24361260
  • Fixed drug eruption in Bangladeshi population: confirmed by provocative test.
  • Rahman MH.Author information Department of Dermatology & VD, Community Based Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.AbstractBACKGROUND: Fixed drug eruption is designated as a typical allergic reaction occurring due to exposure to a medicine. This common dermatological condition is often being ignored for its causative agent as well as the patient's sufferings sometimes become unpredictable.
  • International journal of dermatology.Int J Dermatol.2014 Feb;53(2):255-8. doi: 10.1111/ijd.12197. Epub 2013 Aug 22.
  • BACKGROUND: Fixed drug eruption is designated as a typical allergic reaction occurring due to exposure to a medicine. This common dermatological condition is often being ignored for its causative agent as well as the patient's sufferings sometimes become unpredictable.AIMS: The objective of this lar
  • PMID 23968227
  • Virilized external genitalia in young girls: clinical characteristics and management challenges in a low-resource setting.
  • Ekenze SO1, Adiri CO2, Igwilo IO3, Onumaegbu OO4.Author information 1Sub-Department of Paediatric Surgery, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria. Electronic address: sebekenze@gmail.com.2Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria.3Sub-Department of Paediatric Surgery, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria.4Plastic Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria.AbstractOBJECTIVE: Virilization of the external genitalia in young girls (VEG) manifests mostly as ambiguity of the genitalia and elicits concerns and uncertainties especially in settings with poor awareness. This study evaluates the profile and challenges of VEG in southeast Nigeria.
  • Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology.J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol.2014 Feb;27(1):6-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jpag.2013.07.004. Epub 2013 Dec 9.
  • OBJECTIVE: Virilization of the external genitalia in young girls (VEG) manifests mostly as ambiguity of the genitalia and elicits concerns and uncertainties especially in settings with poor awareness. This study evaluates the profile and challenges of VEG in southeast Nigeria.METHODS: We analyzed 23
  • PMID 24332612

和文文献

  • SEASONAL AND INTER-SPECIES COMPARISON OF ASYMMETRY IN THE GENITAL SYSTEM OF SOME SPECIES OF THE OCEANIC COPEPOD GENUS METRIDIA (COPEPODA, CALANOIDA)
  • 日本臨床細胞学会雑誌に掲載された論文の総括:—第 53 巻までの 3619 編について—
  • オカダンゴムシArmadillidium vulgareの雄性生殖器官系
  • 群馬大学教育学部紀要. 自然科学編 60(-), 41-46, 2012
  • NAID 40019249985

関連リンク

The male reproductive system includes the scrotum, testes, spermatic ducts, sex glands, and penis. These organs work together to produce sperm, the male gamete, and the other components of semen. These organs also work ...
An overview of the male reproductive system from the experts at WebMD. ... The purpose of the organs of the male reproductive system is to perform the following functions: To produce, maintain, and transport sperm (the male reproductive cells) and protective fluid (semen)

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リンク元男性生殖器系
関連記事system」「male」「genital」「ma」「Male

男性生殖器系」

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male genital system



system」

  [★]

  • n.
methodseriesstrain


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「(physical chemistry) a sample of matter in which substances in different phases are in equilibrium; "in a static system oil cannot be replaced by water on a surface"; "a system generating hydrogen peroxide"」

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「instrumentality that combines interrelated interacting artifacts designed to work as a coherent entity; "he bought a new stereo system"; "the system consists of a motor and a small computer"」

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「a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a unified whole; "a vast system of production and distribution and consumption keep the country going"」
scheme

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「a complex of methods or rules governing behavior; "they have to operate under a system they oppose"; "that language has a complex system for indicating gender"」
system of rules

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「a group of physiologically or anatomically related organs or parts; "the body has a system of organs for digestion"」

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「a procedure or process for obtaining an objective; "they had to devise a system that did not depend on cooperation"」

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「the living body considered as made up of interdependent components forming a unified whole; "exercise helped him get the alcohol out of his system"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈C〉(関連した部分から成る)『体系』,系統,組織[網],装置 / 〈C〉(教育・政治などの)『制度』,機構;《the~》体制 / 〈C〉(思想・学問などの)『体系』,学説 / 〈C〉(…の)『方法』,方式,やり方《+of doing》 / 〈U〉正しい方針(筋道,順序) / 〈U〉《the~》(身体の)組織,系統 / 〈U〉《the~,one's~》身体,全身」


male」

  [★]

  • n.
  • adj.
  • 雄性の、男の
femaleglycogen synthase kinase 3 betamale sexmalesmanmen

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「for or pertaining to or composed of men or boys; "the male lead"; "the male population"」

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「an animal that produces gametes (spermatozoa) that can fertilize female gametes (ova)」

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「a person who belongs to the sex that cannot have babies」
male person

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「『男性の』,男の;(動物が)雄の,(植物が)雄性の / 《名詞の前にのみ用いて》(機械・器具などが)雄の差し込み口のある / 『男性』;(動物の)雄,雄性植物」

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「characteristic of a man; "a deep male voice"; "manly sports"」
manful, manlike, manly, virile

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「being the sex (of plant or animal) that produces gametes (spermatozoa) that perform the fertilizing function in generation; "a male infant"; "a male holly tree"」


genital」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • 生殖の、性器の、生殖器の、陰部の

ex.

  • genital herpes 性器ヘルペス
accessory sex organgenerativegenital organgenital tractgenitaliagenitaliumreproductionreproductivereproductive organsexual organ

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「of or relating to the external sex organs; "genital herpes"; "venereal disease"」
venereal

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「生殖の,生殖器の」


ma」

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「informal terms for a mother」
mama, mamma, mom, momma, mommy, mammy, mum, mummy

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「《M-》《話》おかあちゃん(mamma)」


Male」

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「the capital of Maldives in the center of the islands」




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