louse-borne relapsing fever

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2016/07/17 19:59:24」(JST)

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英文文献

  • The origin and distribution of human lice in the world.
  • Boutellis A1, Abi-Rached L2, Raoult D3.Author information 1Unité de Recherche sur les Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Emergentes: URMITE, Aix Marseille Université, UMR CNRS 7278, IRD 198, INSERM 1095, Faculté de Médecine, 27 Bd Jean Moulin, 13005, Marseille, France.2Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Laboratoire d'Analyse, Topologie, Probabilités - Unité Mixte de Recherche 7353, Equipe ATIP, Aix-Marseille Université, 13331 Marseille, France.3Unité de Recherche sur les Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Emergentes: URMITE, Aix Marseille Université, UMR CNRS 7278, IRD 198, INSERM 1095, Faculté de Médecine, 27 Bd Jean Moulin, 13005, Marseille, France. Electronic address: didier.raoult@gmail.com.AbstractTwo genera of lice parasitize humans: Pthirus and Pediculus. The latter is of significant public health importance and comprises two ecotypes: the body louse and the head louse. These ecotypes are morphologically and genetically notably similar; the body louse is responsible for three infectious diseases: Louse-borne epidemic typhus, relapsing fever, and trench fever. Mitochondrial DNA studies have shown that there are three obviously divergent clades of head lice (A, B and C), and only one clade of body lice is shared with head lice (clade A). Each clade has a unique geographic distribution. Lice have been parasitizing humans for millions of years and likely dispersed throughout the World with the human migrations out of Africa, so they can be good markers for studying human evolution. Here, we present an overview of the origin of human lice and their role in vector pathogenic bacteria that caused epidemics, and we review the association between lice clades and human migrations.
  • Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases.Infect Genet Evol.2014 Feb 10. pii: S1567-1348(14)00020-3. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2014.01.017. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Two genera of lice parasitize humans: Pthirus and Pediculus. The latter is of significant public health importance and comprises two ecotypes: the body louse and the head louse. These ecotypes are morphologically and genetically notably similar; the body louse is responsible for three infectious dis
  • PMID 24524985
  • Borrelia recurrentis in head lice, Ethiopia.
  • Boutellis A, Mediannikov O, Bilcha KD, Ali J, Campelo D, Barker SC, Raoult D.Author information Marseille Université, Marseille, France.AbstractSince the 1800s, the only known vector of Borrelia recurrentis has been the body louse. In 2011, we found B. recurrentis DNA in 23% of head lice from patients with louse-borne relapsing fever in Ethiopia. Whether head lice can transmit these bacteria from one person to another remains to be determined.
  • Emerging infectious diseases.Emerg Infect Dis.2013 May;19(5):796-8. doi: 10.3201/eid1905.121480.
  • Since the 1800s, the only known vector of Borrelia recurrentis has been the body louse. In 2011, we found B. recurrentis DNA in 23% of head lice from patients with louse-borne relapsing fever in Ethiopia. Whether head lice can transmit these bacteria from one person to another remains to be determin
  • PMID 23648147

和文文献

  • 四類感染症 回帰熱 (新感染症学(下)新時代の基礎・臨床研究) -- (感染症法分類--発症・病態・診断・治療)

関連リンク

Relapsing Fever Definition Relapsing fever refers to two similar illnesses, both of which cause high fevers. The fevers resolve, only to recur again within about ... The human body louse (Pediculus humanus humanus) has played a key ...
Louse-borne relapsing fever is transmitted by the human body louse and is generally restricted to refugee settings in developing regions of the world. Tick-borne Relapsing Fever Topics Prevention Avoid getting infected... Cause and ...

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★リンクテーブル★
リンク元シラミ媒介性回帰熱
関連記事fever」「louse」「born」「borne」「fevered

シラミ媒介性回帰熱」

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louse-borne relapsing fever


fever」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「a rise in the temperature of the body; frequently a symptom of infection」
febrility, febricity, pyrexia, feverishness

WordNet   license wordnet

「intense nervous anticipation; "in a fever of resentment"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈U〉《しばしばa fever》(身体の異常な)『熱』,発熱 / 〈U〉『熱病』 / 〈U〉〈C〉(…に対する)『興奮』,熱狂《+『for』+『名』》」


louse」

  [★]

シラミ

Anoplurabody licebody lousehead licehead louselicePediculus

WordNet   license wordnet

「wingless usually flattened bloodsucking insect parasitic on warm-blooded animals」
sucking louse

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「シラミ / 《俗》くだらないやつ」


born」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「brought into existence; "he was a child born of adultery"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「bear〈他〉1の過去分詞(受動態にのみ用いる) / 《名詞の前にのみ用いて》『生まれながらの』,先天的な(innate) / 『生まれた』;生じた」


borne」

  [★]

come from, derive, descend, stem

-borne

  • ~によって運ばれる、伝えられる
  • ex.
  • water-borne:水媒介性の
  • blood-borne:血液由来の
  • air-borne infection,airborne infection :空気感染

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「bearの過去分詞」


fevered」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「highly excited; "a fevered imagination"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「(比較変化なし)《名詞の前にのみ用いて》熱のある,熱病にかかった / 熱にうかされたような,興奮した / (憎しみなどが)異常に強い」




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