hydrolysis

出典: meddic

  • n.
hydrolysehydrolyze


hydrolytic reactions
See also specific reaction

WordNet   license wordnet

「a chemical reaction in which water reacts with a compound to produce other compounds; involves the splitting of a bond and the addition of the hydrogen cation and the hydroxide anion from the water」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「加水分解」

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2014/10/25 22:55:02」(JST)

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英文文献

  • Substrate stereoselectivity of poly(Asp) hydrolase-1 capable of cleaving β-amide bonds as revealed by investigation of enzymatic hydrolysis of stereoisomeric β-tri(Asp)s.
  • Hiraishi T1, Abe H, Maeda M.
  • AMB Express.AMB Express.2015 Dec;5(1):118. doi: 10.1186/s13568-015-0118-3. Epub 2015 Jun 4.
  • We previously reported that poly(Asp) hydrolase-1 (PahZ1KP-2) from Pedobacter sp. KP-2 selectively, but not completely, cleaved the amide bonds between β-Asp units in thermally synthesized poly(Asp) (tPAA). In the present study, the enzymatic hydrolysis of stereoisomeric β-tri(Asp)s by PahZ1KP-2 w
  • PMID 26054734
  • Feasibility study of an alkaline-based chemical treatment for the purification of polyhydroxybutyrate produced by a mixed enriched culture.
  • Jiang Y1, Mikova G2, Kleerebezem R1, van der Wielen LA1, Cuellar MC1.
  • AMB Express.AMB Express.2015 Jan 24;5(1):5. doi: 10.1186/s13568-015-0096-5. eCollection 2015.
  • This study focused on investigating the feasibility of purifying polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) from mixed culture biomass by alkaline-based chemical treatment. The PHB-containing biomass was enriched on acetate under non-sterile conditions. Alkaline treatment (0.2 M NaOH) together with surfactant SDS (
  • PMID 25642402
  • Characterization of Aspergillus aculeatus β-glucosidase 1 accelerating cellulose hydrolysis with Trichoderma cellulase system.
  • Baba Y1, Sumitani JI1, Tani S1, Kawaguchi T1.
  • AMB Express.AMB Express.2015 Jan 24;5(1):3. eCollection 2015.
  • Aspergillus aculeatus β-glucosidase 1 (AaBGL1), which promotes cellulose hydrolysis by Trichoderma cellulase system, was characterized and compared some properties to a commercially supplied orthologue in A. niger (AnBGL) to elucidate advantages of recombinant AaBGL1 (rAaBGL1) for synergistic effec
  • PMID 25642400
  • Comparison of single-stage and two-phase anaerobic sludge digestion systems - Performance and microbial community dynamics.
  • Maspolim Y1, Zhou Y2, Guo C3, Xiao K1, Ng WJ4.
  • Chemosphere.Chemosphere.2015 Dec;140:54-62. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.07.028. Epub 2014 Aug 2.
  • This study compared reactor performance and the respective microbial community dynamics in the conventional single-stage and 2-phase anaerobic digestion (AD) systems, treating municipal sludge to generate methane. The 2-phase system's COD and VS reduction, and methane production could be maintained
  • PMID 25096961

和文文献

  • Problems, Control, and Treatment of Fat, Oil, and Grease (FOG) : A Review (Special Issue : Topics of Oleo Science Research in Malaysia)
  • Husain Iman A. F.,Alkhatib Ma'an Fahmi,Jammi Mohamed Saedi [他]
  • Journal of Oleo Science 63(8), 747-752, 2014-08
  • NAID 40020130056
  • Synthesis and evaluation of 18F-labeled mitiglinide derivatives as positron emission tomography tracers for β-cell imaging.
  • Kimura Hiroyuki,Matsuda Hirokazu,Fujimoto Hiroyuki,Arimitsu Kenji,Toyoda Kentaro,Mukai Eri,Nakamura Hiroshi,Ogawa Yu,Takagi Mikako,Ono Masahiro,Inagaki Nobuya,Saji Hideo
  • Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry 22(13), 3270-3278, 2014-07-01
  • … (+)-(S)-o-[(18)F]FMIT was obtained with radiochemical yield of 18% by radiofluorination of racemic precursor 7, hydrolysis, and optical resolution with chiral HPLC; …
  • NAID 120005456028
  • ハイドロキシアパタイト前駆体の結晶化が調節する生体反応 (特集 続・バイオマテリアルの境界科学)
  • 鈴木 治,穴田 貴久
  • バイオマテリアル : 生体材料 32(3), 180-187, 2014-07
  • NAID 40020179581
  • ESI-MSによる溶液中チタン化学種の同定と酸化挙動の評価
  • 龍前 以緒,田中 美穂
  • 分析化学 63(7), 581-592, 2014-07
  • NAID 40020146031

関連リンク

Types [edit] Usually hydrolysis is a chemical process in which a molecule of water is added to a substance. Sometimes this addition causes both substance and water molecule to split into two parts. In such reactions, one fragment ...
(hī-drŏl'ĭ-sĭs) The breaking down of a chemical compound into two or more simpler compounds by reacting with water. The proteins, fats, and complex carbohydrates in food are broken down in the body by hydrolysis that is ...
hy·drol·y·sis (hī-drŏl′ĭ-sĭs) n. The reaction of water with another chemical compound to form two or more products, involving ionization of the water ... Objective: Phosphate ester hydrolysis is one of the most important classes of ...

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★リンクテーブル★
リンク元肝臓」「hydrolyze」「加水分解」「hydrolyse
拡張検索phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis

肝臓」

  [★]

liver
肝臓の病理肝区域
  • 図:N.279-283

発生学的由来

  • 発生第3週の中頃に、前腸末端における内胚葉性上皮芽として現れる。
  • 造血細胞、クッパー細胞、結合 組織細胞は横中隔の中胚葉に由来
  • 肝芽は横中隔(心膜腔と卵黄嚢柄)との間の中胚葉板に進入

肝臓の周辺の膜

肝臓に関係する血管

解剖

  • 体重の約2%。1.2-1.5kg。(YN.B-2)

参考資料

肝臓研究室
http://www.med.kyushu-u.ac.jp/intmed3/medical_3.html

組織

肝臓の病理

体表解剖

  • 第4肋間以下のレベルで貫通する障害を受けたとき、肝臓が損傷する。

肝区域

機能

  • 物質の合成と貯蔵 → (肝障害時)低下:アルブミン、凝固因子、補体、LCAT、コレステロール、コリンエステラーゼ
  • 解毒
  • 血糖コントロール
  • 胆汁の合成分泌
  • 血液循環と濾過
  • 血液循環:肝循環の調整、血清Na, Kの調整 → (肝障害時)腹水、Kプールの減少
  • Kupffer細胞による菌・有害物の貪食 → (肝障害時)易発熱性

薬物代謝 PPC.51

  • phase I: oxidation, reduction
  • phase II: hydrolysis, conjugation

年齢との関連

  • I相:加水分解、酸化、還元 :加齢により低下
  • II相:抱合 :不変

酵素

肝酵素


Henry Gray (1825-1861). Anatomy of the Human Body. 1918.




hydrolyze」

  [★]

  • v.
  • 加水分解する、水解する
hydrolysehydrolysis

WordNet   license wordnet

「undergo hydrolysis; decompose by reacting with water」
hydrolyse

加水分解」

  [★]

hydrolysis, hydrolytic reactions
水解



hydrolyse」

  [★]

加水分解する

hydrolysishydrolyze

phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis」

  [★]

phosphatidylinositol metabolism



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