forensic odontology

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2012/11/19 21:15:00」(JST)

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英文文献

  • Generation of Intra-oral-like Images from Cone beam Computed Tomography Volumes for Dental Forensic Image Comparison.
  • Trochesset DA, Serchuk RB, Colosi DC.Author information Department of Oral Biology and Pathology, Stony Brook University School of Dental Medicine, Stony Brook, NY, 11794-8702.AbstractIdentification of unknown individuals using dental comparison is well established in the forensic setting. The identification technique can be time and resource consuming if many individuals need to be identified at once. Medical CT (MDCT) for dental profiling has had limited success, mostly due to artifact from metal-containing dental restorations and implants. Description: The authors describe a CBCT reformatting technique that creates images, which closely approximate conventional dental images. Method: Using a i-CAT Platinum CBCT unit and standard issue i-CAT Vision software, a protocol is developed to reproducibly and reliably reformat CBCT volumes. The reformatted images are presented with conventional digital images from the same anatomic area for comparison. Conclusion: The authors conclude that images derived from CBCT volumes following this protocol are similar enough to conventional dental radiographs to allow for dental forensic comparison/identification and that CBCT offers a superior option over MDCT for this purpose.
  • Journal of forensic sciences.J Forensic Sci.2013 Dec 13. doi: 10.1111/1556-4029.12336. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Identification of unknown individuals using dental comparison is well established in the forensic setting. The identification technique can be time and resource consuming if many individuals need to be identified at once. Medical CT (MDCT) for dental profiling has had limited success, mostly due to
  • PMID 24328928
  • Accuracy of Identifying Juvenile/Adult Status from Third Molar Development using Prediction Probabilities Derived from Logistic Regression Analysis.
  • Acharya AB, Bhowmik B, Naikmasur VG.Author information Department of Forensic Odontology, S.D.M. College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Sattur, Dharwad, 580009, Karnataka, India.AbstractThe use of third molars in predicting juvenile/adult status (</≥ 18 years) has important legal ramifications. Third molar development was assessed using Köhler's grading on 268 orthopantomograms of Indian subjects. Logistic regression analysis was applied to determine allocation accuracy of juvenile/adult status and the level of probability that is "reliable" in predicting juvenile/adult status. Allocation accuracies ranged between 75.8% and 78.2% for the sexes combined, with minimal male-female differences. Adults were categorized more accurately than juveniles, suggesting that Köhler's grading puts Indian juveniles at greater risk of unwarranted punishment. In both sexes, juvenile/adult status was "reliably" predicted when the probability was >80% using individual third molars (excepting the lower right third molar in males); combining upper and lower third molars on the left/right sides, "reliable" predictions were possible when the probability was >80% and >90% for females and males, respectively. Overall, "reliable" juvenile/adult status prediction was achieved in c. 36% of subjects.
  • Journal of forensic sciences.J Forensic Sci.2013 Dec 6. doi: 10.1111/1556-4029.12366. [Epub ahead of print]
  • The use of third molars in predicting juvenile/adult status (</≥ 18 years) has important legal ramifications. Third molar development was assessed using Köhler's grading on 268 orthopantomograms of Indian subjects. Logistic regression analysis was applied to determine allocation accuracy of
  • PMID 24313875

和文文献

  • サイパン島アチュガオ地区における戦没者遺骨帰還事業での歯科法医学の役割
  • 歴史上にみる歯科法医学の社会貢献(第40回日本歯科医史学会総会および学術大会)
  • 小室 歳信
  • 日本歯科医史学会会誌 29(4), 253-255, 2012-09-30
  • NAID 110009544196

関連リンク

9 Feb 2013 ... Overview. Forensic odontologists are highly experienced, specially trained dentists who use their expertise to help identify unknown remains and trace bite marks to a specific individual. Forensic odontologists or forensic ...
Forensic dentistry or forensic odontology is the proper handling, examination and evaluation of dental evidence, which will be then presented in the interest of justice. The evidence that may be derived from teeth, is the age (in children) and ...

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Forensic OdontologyForensic-Odontologyforensic odontologyForensic Odontology


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関連記事forensic」「forensics

forensic」

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  • 法医学的な、法医学の
forensic medicinelegal medicinemedicolegalmedicolegally

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「used or applied in the investigation and establishment of facts or evidence in a court of law; "forensic photograph"; "forensic ballistics"」

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「法廷の,法廷で用いている」

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「of, relating to, or used in public debate or argument」


forensics」

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「scientific tests or techniques used in the investigation of crimes」




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