damage

出典: meddic

  • n.
  • v.
  • 破損する、損傷する
barrierbreakbreakagedifficultydisorderdisruptiondisturbancedysfunctionfoehindranceimpairimpairmentimpedimentinjureinjurylesionobstaclespoilage

WordNet   license wordnet

「suffer or be susceptible to damage; "These fine china cups damage easily"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「inflict damage upon; "The snow damaged the roof"; "She damaged the car when she hit the tree"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the act of damaging something or someone」
harm, hurt, scathe

WordNet   license wordnet

「loss of military equipment」
equipment casualty

WordNet   license wordnet

「the occurrence of a change for the worse」
harm, impairment

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈U〉『損害』,損傷,被害 / 《複数形で》損害賠障[金] / 《the~》《単数形で》《話》飛用 / …‘に'損傷する」

Wikipedia preview

出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2016/02/25 15:31:26」(JST)

wiki ja

[Wiki ja表示]

wiki en

[Wiki en表示]

英文文献

  • Evidence and uptake routes for Zinc oxide nanoparticles through the gastrointestinal barrier in Xenopus laevis.
  • Bacchetta R, Moschini E, Santo N, Fascio U, Del Giacco L, Freddi S, Camatini M, Mantecca P.Author information Department of Biosciences, Università degli Studi di Milano , Milano , Italy.AbstractAbstract The developmental toxicity of nanostructured materials, as well as their impact on the biological barriers, represents a crucial aspect to be assessed in a nanosafety policy framework. Nanosized metal oxides have been demonstrated to affect Xenopus laevis embryonic development, with nZnO specifically targeting the digestive system. To study the mechanisms of the nZnO-induced intestinal lesions, we tested two different nominally sized ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) at effective concentrations. Advanced microscopy techniques and molecular marker analyses were applied in order to describe the NP-epithelial cell interactions and the mechanisms driving NP toxicity and translocation through the intestinal barrier. We attributed the toxicity to NP-induced cell oxidative damage, the small-sized NPs being the more effective. This outcome is sustained by a marked increase in anti-oxidant genes' expression and high lipid peroxidation level in the enterocytes, where disarrangement of the cytoskeleton and cell junctions' integrity were evidenced. These events led to diffuse necrotic changes in the intestinal barrier, and trans- and paracellular NP permeation through the mucosa. The uptake routes, leading NPs to cross the intestinal barrier and reach secondary target tissues, have been documented. nZnOs embryotoxicity was confirmed to be crucially mediated by the NPs' reactivity rather than their dissolved ions. The ZnO NPs' ability to overwhelm the intestinal barrier must be taken into high consideration for a future design of safer ZnO NPs.
  • Nanotoxicology.Nanotoxicology.2014 Nov;8:728-44. doi: 10.3109/17435390.2013.824128. Epub 2013 Aug 6.
  • Abstract The developmental toxicity of nanostructured materials, as well as their impact on the biological barriers, represents a crucial aspect to be assessed in a nanosafety policy framework. Nanosized metal oxides have been demonstrated to affect Xenopus laevis embryonic development, with nZnO sp
  • PMID 23848496
  • The European Medicines Agency approval of 5-aminolaevulinic acid (Ameluz) for the treatment of actinic keratosis of mild to moderate intensity on the face and scalp: Summary of the scientific assessment of the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use.
  • Tzogani K, Straube M, Hoppe U, Kiely P, O'Dea G, Enzmann H, Salmon P, Salmonson T, Pignatti F.Author information European Medicines Agency , London.AbstractThe European Commission has recently issued a marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union for 5-aminolaevulinic acid (Ameluz). The decision was based on the favorable opinion of the CHMP recommending a marketing authorization for 5-aminolaevulinic acid for treatment of actinic keratosis of mild to moderate intensity on the face and scalp. The active substance is a sensitizer used in photodynamic/radiation therapy (ATC code L01XD04). The gel should cover the lesions and approximately 5 mm of the surrounding area with a film of about 1 mm thickness. The entire treatment area should be illuminated with a red light source, either with a narrow spectrum around 630 nm and a light dose of approximately 37 J/cm(2) or a broader and continuous spectrum in the range between 570 and 670 nm with a light dose between 75 and 200 J/cm(2). One session of photodynamic therapy should be administered for single or multiple lesions. Non- or partially responding lesions should be retreated in a second session 3 months after the first treatment. 5-aminolaevulinic acid is metabolized to protoporphyrin IX, a photoactive compound which accumulates intracellularly in the treated actinic keratosis lesions. Protoporphyrin IX is activated by illumination with red light of a suitable wavelength and energy. In the presence of oxygen, reactive oxygen species are formed which causes damage of cellular components and eventually destroys the target cells. The benefit with 5-aminolaevulinic acid is its ability to improve the complete response rate of actinic keratosis lesions. The most common side effects are reactions at the site of application. The objective of this article is to summarize the scientific review of the application. The detailed scientific assessment report and product information, including the summary of product characteristics (SmPC), are available on the EMA website ( www.ema.europa.eu ).
  • The Journal of dermatological treatment.J Dermatolog Treat.2014 Oct;25(5):371-4. doi: 10.3109/09546634.2013.789474. Epub 2013 May 21.
  • The European Commission has recently issued a marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union for 5-aminolaevulinic acid (Ameluz). The decision was based on the favorable opinion of the CHMP recommending a marketing authorization for 5-aminolaevulinic acid for treatment of actinic kerato
  • PMID 23550714
  • In vitro toxicological screening of nanoparticles on primary human endothelial cells and the role of flow in modulating cell response.
  • Ucciferri N, Collnot EM, Gaiser BK, Tirella A, Stone V, Domenici C, Lehr CM, Ahluwalia A.Author information Interdepartmental Research Center "E. Piaggio", University of Pisa , Pisa , Italy.AbstractAbstract After passage through biological barriers, nanomaterials inevitably end up in contact with the vascular endothelium and can induce cardiovascular damage. In this study the toxicity and sub-lethal effects of six types of nanoparticle, including four of industrial and biomedical importance, on human endothelial cells were investigated using different in vitro assays. The results show that all the particles investigated induce some level of damage to the cells and that silver particles were most toxic, followed by titanium dioxide. Furthermore, endothelial cells were shown to be more susceptible when exposed to silver nanoparticles under flow conditions in a bioreactor. The study underlines that although simple in vitro tests are useful to screen compounds and to identify the type of effect induced on cells, they may not be sufficient to define safe exposure limits. Therefore, once initial toxicity screening has been conducted on nanomaterials, it is necessary to develop more physiologically relevant in vitro models to better understand how nanomaterials can impact on human health.
  • Nanotoxicology.Nanotoxicology.2014 Sep;8:697-708. doi: 10.3109/17435390.2013.831500. Epub 2013 Sep 3.
  • Abstract After passage through biological barriers, nanomaterials inevitably end up in contact with the vascular endothelium and can induce cardiovascular damage. In this study the toxicity and sub-lethal effects of six types of nanoparticle, including four of industrial and biomedical importance, o
  • PMID 23909703
  • Using gold nanorods core/silver shell nanostructures as model material to probe biodistribution and toxic effects of silver nanoparticles in mice.
  • Meng J, Ji Y, Liu J, Cheng X, Guo H, Zhang W, Wu X, Xu H.Author information Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College , Beijing , P. R. China.AbstractAbstract The aim of this work was to probe the biodistribution and toxic effects of silver nanoparticles (NPs) with powerful anti-bacterial and anti-virus activities. For this purpose, novel silver NPs with gold nanorod (NR) core and silver shell (Au@Ag NRs) were developed and employed as a model material. The inner gold core provided an excellent internal reference for tracking the NRs in vivo. After subcutaneous injection of Au@Ag NRs, silver and gold contents in the subcutis and organs were examined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry at different time points within 28 days. Histological analysis, physiological function and complement faction 3 (C3) and 5a (C5a) measurement were performed over time to reveal the toxic effect of Au@Ag NRs in vivo. Experimental results showed that majority of the Au@Ag NRs remained in the injection site except for a small amount migrating into the lymph nodes. The silver shell was dissolved in the subcutaneous tissue and released silver ions rapidly, which resulted in detectable silver accumulation in most of the organs. The accumulated silver ions in the kidney not only interacted with the kidney cells membrane but also induced a rapid increase of complement fraction C3 followed by a significant consumption and C3a and C5a production significantly in the serum, which resulted in kidney oxidative damage and eventually led to the morphological changes and filtration function impairment of the glomerulus. The released silver ions also caused oxidative injury of subcutaneous tissue in the injection site.
  • Nanotoxicology.Nanotoxicology.2014 Sep;8:686-96. doi: 10.3109/17435390.2013.822593. Epub 2013 Jul 29.
  • Abstract The aim of this work was to probe the biodistribution and toxic effects of silver nanoparticles (NPs) with powerful anti-bacterial and anti-virus activities. For this purpose, novel silver NPs with gold nanorod (NR) core and silver shell (Au@Ag NRs) were developed and employed as a model ma
  • PMID 23837638

和文文献

  • 耐震診断による上部構造評点を用いた木造在来軸組構法住宅の地震特性能評価
  • 岩西 正晴,岩井 哲
  • 広島工業大学紀要. 研究編 42, 191-197, 39479-00-00
  • … This research aims to investigate the relationship between the amount of bearing-wall in an earthquake diagnosis evaluation, the fundamental natural frequency based on the micro-tremor measurement and the actual earthquake damage to conventional wooden-framed houses in Japan. … The micro-tremor measurements are widely taken to survey the earthquake damage to wooden houses and the site ground condition. …
  • NAID 120005403279
  • 2007年能登半島地震による建物被害調査報告
  • 岩井 哲,貞末 和史
  • 広島工業大学紀要. 研究編 42, 185-190, 39479-00-00
  • … The 2007 Noto Peninsula earthquake did great damage to wooden-framed structures. … Five days after the occurrence of the earthquake, the authors visited the most stricken areas: Monzen-machi-Toge, Wajima city, Anamizu-machi, and Nanao-city, and inspected the damage state of buildings. … This paper mainly reports on the damage to wooden-framed structures and their impressions of the field survey. …
  • NAID 120005403222
  • プロスタグランジン製剤 (特集 酸関連疾患 : 最新の診断・治療動向) -- (酸関連疾患治療薬の有用性)
  • 原田 智,竹内 利寿,江戸川 祥子 [他]
  • 日本臨床 73(7), 1153-1158, 2015-07
  • NAID 40020512148
  • 東北地方太平洋沖地震による関東の重要伝統的建造物群保存地区の町家の屋根被害の分析
  • 龍門 達夫
  • 日本建築学会計画系論文集 80(713), 1717-1723, 2015-07
  • NAID 40020510330

関連リンク

General Info. Genre: Electro / Punk. Location Osaka, JP. Profile Views: 220479. Last Login: 12/20/2012. Member Since 9/3/2006. Website www.damage-web. com. Record Label Aright's / HORIZON. Type of Label Indie ...
Damage(安室奈美恵)の歌詞を表示 : (歌いだし)Damage Have you ever 歌ネットは 無料の歌詞検索サービスです。

関連画像


押しても画像が表示されない場合はサーバが混雑しています。2週間ほどあけて、再度押下してください。


★リンクテーブル★
先読み損傷
リンク元break」「disturbance」「difficulty」「hindrance」「injury
拡張検索punitive damages」「nominal damages」「treble damages」「operational damage」「collateral damage
関連記事damaging」「damaged」「damages

損傷」

  [★]

injury, lesion
傷害
  • 損傷 injury:組織の生理的な連絡が絶たれる、または機能が傷害された状態 → 機能障害が含まれる。
  • 機械的なエネルギーにより生じた損傷。
  • 外力によって生じた組織損傷を総括して創傷と言うが、皮膚や粘膜の連続性が離断した開放性損傷を<創>、連続性が保持された閉鎖性損傷を<傷>と区別して用いることがある(SLE.12)

分類(SLE.106)

  • 鈍体損傷
  • 鋭器損傷
  • 刺器・尖器によるもの
  • 銃器・火薬による損傷

参考

  • 1.
[display]http://www.jaam.jp/html/dictionary/dictionary/word/0906.htm
  • 2.
[display]http://www.med.nagoya-cu.ac.jp/legal.dir/lectures/newest/node4.html



break」

  [★]

  • n.
  • v.
  • (過去broke-過去分詞broken)
  • 破壊する、壊す、破損する、切断する
ablateablationabolishabortamputateamputationbreakagecleavagecleavedamagedestroydestructiondiscontinuancediscontinuationdiscontinuediscontinuitydismantledisruptdisruptantdisruptioninterruptinterruptionlesionrupturescissionseversubversionsubverttransectiontruncatetruncation

PHP

WordNet   license wordnet

「prevent completion; "stop the project"; "break off the negotiations"」
break off, discontinue, stop

WordNet   license wordnet

「happen; "Report the news as it develops"; "These political movements recrudesce from time to time"」
recrudesce, develop

WordNet   license wordnet

「become separated into pieces or fragments; "The figurine broke"; "The freshly baked loaf fell apart"」
separate, split up, fall apart, come apart

WordNet   license wordnet

「be broken in; "If the new teacher won''t break, we''ll add some stress"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「crack; of the male voice in puberty; "his voice is breaking--he should no longer sing in the choir"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「destroy the integrity of; usually by force; cause to separate into pieces or fragments; "He broke the glass plate"; "She broke the match"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「diminish or discontinue abruptly; "The patient''s fever broke last night"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「fall sharply; "stock prices broke"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「render inoperable or ineffective; "You broke the alarm clock when you took it apart!"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「weaken or destroy in spirit or body; "His resistance was broken"; "a man broken by the terrible experience of near-death"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「vary or interrupt a uniformity or continuity; "The flat plain was broken by tall mesas"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「(tennis) a score consisting of winning a game when your opponent was serving; "he was up two breaks in the second set"」
break of serve

WordNet   license wordnet

「an escape from jail; "the breakout was carefully planned"」
breakout, jailbreak, gaolbreak, prisonbreak, prison-breaking

WordNet   license wordnet

「an act of delaying or interrupting the continuity; "it was presented without commercial breaks"; "there was a gap in his account"」
interruption, disruption, gap

WordNet   license wordnet

「a sudden dash; "he made a break for the open door"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the opening shot that scatters the balls in billiards or pool」

WordNet   license wordnet

「an unexpected piece of good luck; "he finally got his big break"」
good luck, happy chance

WordNet   license wordnet

「an abrupt change in the tone or register of the voice (as at puberty or due to emotion); "then there was a break in her voice"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the occurrence of breaking; "the break in the dam threatened the valley"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「…'を'『壊す』,割る,砕く;…'を'折る / …'を'擦りむく / …'を'『役に立たなくする』,壊す / (小さな物に)〈組になった物〉'を'分ける,ばらす,〈お金〉'を'くずす《+『名』+『into』+『名』》 / 〈垣・へいなど〉'を'破って出る / 〈法律・規則・約束など〉'を'『破る』,犯す / 〈均整・秩序・配列など〉'を'破る,くずす;〈持続しているもの〉'を'中止する,妨げる / 〈記録〉'を'破る,更新する / (…に)…'を'打ち明ける,知らせる《+『名』+『to』+『名』》 / …'を'破産させる,倒産させる / 〈気力・抵抗など〉'を'くじく;〈力・効果・強度〉'を'弱める / (…に)…‘の'位を下げる,…'を'降等させる《+『名』+『to』+『名』》 / 〈動物〉'を'ならす / 〈人〉‘の'(…の)癖を直す《+『名』〈人〉+『of』+『名』(do『ing』)》 / 〈暗号など〉'を'解読する;〈事件・問題など〉を解決する,解く / 《しばしば副詞[句]を伴って》『壊れる』,砕ける,割れる;破れる,破裂する / ぷっつりと切れる;中断する,途切れる;《米》仕事を中断する / はずれる,離れる,分離する《+『off』(『away』)》 / 故障する,壊れる,動かなくなる / 突然始まる;突然変化する / 夜が明ける / 〈健康・気力などが〉衰える,弱る;〈心が〉悲しみに打ちひしがれる / 〈株・価格などが〉急落する,暴落する / 壊れた箇所,裂け目,割れ目 / 中断,途切れ;不和,仲たがい / 休憩時間,小休止 / 逃亡計画,脱獄 / (…に向かっての)突進 / 急な変化,顕著な変化 / 夜明け / 《話》運,機会」

WordNet   license wordnet

「interrupt a continued activity; "She had broken with the traditional patterns"」
break away

WordNet   license wordnet

「break a piece from a whole; "break a branch from a tree"」
break off, snap off

WordNet   license wordnet

「move away or escape suddenly; "The horses broke from the stable"; "Three inmates broke jail"; "Nobody can break out--this prison is high security"」
break out, break away

WordNet   license wordnet

「destroy the completeness of a set of related items; "The book dealer would not break the set"」
break up

WordNet   license wordnet

「force out or release suddenly and often violently something pent up; "break into tears"; "erupt in anger"」
burst, erupt

WordNet   license wordnet

「ruin completely; "He busted my radio!"」
bust

WordNet   license wordnet

「be released or become known; of news; "News of her death broke in the morning"」
get out, get around

WordNet   license wordnet

「go to pieces; "The lawn mower finally broke"; "The gears wore out"; "The old chair finally fell apart completely"」
wear, wear out, bust, fall apart

WordNet   license wordnet

「become punctured or penetrated; "The skin broke"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「cause the failure or ruin of; "His peccadilloes finally broke his marriage"; "This play will either make or break the playwright"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「cause to give up a habit; "She finally broke herself of smoking cigarettes"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「change directions suddenly」

WordNet   license wordnet

「change suddenly from one tone quality or register to another; "Her voice broke to a whisper when she started to talk about her children"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「come forth or begin from a state of latency; "The first winter storm broke over New York"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「come into being; "light broke over the horizon"; "Voices broke in the air"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「come to an end; "The heat wave finally broke yesterday"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「curl over and fall apart in surf or foam, of waves; "The surf broke"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「emerge from the surface of a body of water; "The whales broke"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「exchange for smaller units of money; "I had to break a $100 bill just to buy the candy"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「find a flaw in; "break an alibi"; "break down a proof"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「find the solution or key to; "break the code"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「give up; "break cigarette smoking"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「happen or take place; "Things have been breaking pretty well for us in the past few months"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「interrupt the flow of current in; "break a circuit"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「invalidate by judicial action; "The will was broken"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「make a rupture in the ranks of the enemy or one''s own by quitting or fleeing; "The ranks broke"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「make the opening shot that scatters the balls」

WordNet   license wordnet

「pierce or penetrate; "The blade broke her skin"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「scatter or part; "The clouds broke after the heavy downpour"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「separate from a clinch, in boxing; "The referee broke the boxers"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「undergo breaking; "The simple vowels broke in many Germanic languages"」


disturbance」

  [★]

  • n.
  • 乱すこと、騒がすこと、撹乱。不安、心配。(医)障害
  • 騒動、動乱
  • 妨害、邪魔
anxietyanxiousanxiouslybarrierdamagederangementdifficultydiscomfortdisorderdisturbdysfunctiondysphoriafearfoehamperhindranceimpairimpairmentimpedeimpedimentinterceptinterceptioninterfereinterruptinterruptionlesionobstacleobstructocclusionperturbperturbationpreclusionuneasy

WordNet   license wordnet

「a disorderly outburst or tumult; "they were amazed by the furious disturbance they had caused"」
disruption, commotion, flutter, hurly burly, to-do, hoo-ha, hoo-hah, kerfuffle

WordNet   license wordnet

「an unhappy and worried mental state; "there was too much anger and disturbance"; "she didn''t realize the upset she caused me"」
perturbation, upset

WordNet   license wordnet

「the act of disturbing something or someone; setting something in motion」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈U〉乱す(騒がす,妨害する)こと;乱れた状態 / 〈C〉騒ぎ,騒動,動乱 / 〈C〉乱す(騒がす,妨害する)もの」


difficulty」

  [★]

  • n.
arduousbarrierdamagedifficultdisorderdistressdisturbancedysfunctionfoehardhindranceimpairimpairmentimpedimentintractablelaboredlesionobstaclerecalcitranttrouble

WordNet   license wordnet

「a condition or state of affairs almost beyond one''s ability to deal with and requiring great effort to bear or overcome; "grappling with financial difficulties"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the quality of being difficult; "they agreed about the difficulty of the climb"」
difficultness

WordNet   license wordnet

「a factor causing trouble in achieving a positive result or tending to produce a negative result; "serious difficulties were encountered in obtaining a pure reagent"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈U〉『難しさ』,困難 / 〈C〉『困難なこと』,難事,障害 / 〈C〉《通例複数形で》『困難な状況』,(特に)財政困難 / 〈C〉〈U〉(…との)不和,仲たがい《+『with』(『between』)+『名』》 / 〈C〉苦情,反対」


hindrance」

  [★]

  • n.
barrierdamagedifficultydisorderdisturbdisturbancedysfunctionfoehamperimpairimpairmentimpedeimpedimentinterceptinterceptioninterfereinterruptinterruptionlesionobstacleobstructocclusionpreclusion

WordNet   license wordnet

「any obstruction that impedes or is burdensome」
hinderance, hitch, preventive, preventative, encumbrance, incumbrance, interference

WordNet   license wordnet

「the act of hindering or obstructing or impeding」
hinderance, interference

WordNet   license wordnet

「something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress」
hinderance, deterrent, impediment, balk, baulk, check, handicap

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈C〉(…を)じゃまする人(物),(…の)妨害物《+『to』+『名』》 / 〈U〉妨害,じゃま」


injury」

  [★]

  • n.
damageinjureinsultlesionspoilagetraumatraumatictraumatic injurywound


WordNet   license wordnet

「any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.」
hurt, harm, trauma

WordNet   license wordnet

「an act that causes someone or something to receive physical damage」

WordNet   license wordnet

「wrongdoing that violates another''s rights and is unjustly inflicted」

WordNet   license wordnet

「an accident that results in physical damage or hurt」
accidental injury

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「『負傷』,『損害』,損傷 / (名誉などを)傷つけること,侮辱《+『to』+『名』》」


punitive damages」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「(law) compensation in excess of actual damages (a form of punishment awarded in cases of malicious or willful misconduct)」
exemplary damages, smart money


nominal damages」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「(law) a trivial sum (usually $1.00) awarded as recognition that a legal injury was sustained (as for technical violations of a contract)」


treble damages」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「three times the amount that a court would normally find the injured party entitled to」


operational damage」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「loss of military equipment in field operations」
operational casualty


collateral damage」

  [★]


damaging」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「designed or tending to discredit, especially without positive or helpful suggestions; "negative criticism"」
negative

WordNet   license wordnet

「(sometimes followed by `to'」
detrimental, prejudicial, prejudicious

damaged」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • 傷害性の
affectiveinjurioustraumatic

WordNet   license wordnet

「harmed or injured or spoiled; "I won''t buy damaged goods"; "the storm left a wake of badly damaged buildings"」


damages」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「a sum of money paid in compensation for loss or injury」
amends, indemnity, indemnification, restitution, redress

"http://meddic.jp/damage" より作成


★コメント★

[メモ入力エリア]
※コメント5000文字まで
ニックネーム:
コメント:




表示
個人用ツール


  meddic.jp

リンク
連絡