conform

出典: meddic

  • vt.
  • (~と)同じ/同様にする(to)。(模範・範例に)従わせる(to)。(行為を法律・風俗などに)適合させる、順応させる(to,with)
  • vi.
  • (~と)同じ/同様になる、一致する(to,with)。(規則・習俗に)従う(to)。国教に従う、(特に)英国教会の習わしに従う
  • adj.


conformer, conformism

WordNet   license wordnet

「be similar, be in line with」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「(慣例・規範などに)『従って行動する』(『考える』)《+『to』(『with』)+『名』》・〈物事が〉(…と)一鋳する,符合する《+『to』+『名』》・(…に)…'を'一致させる,適応させる《+『名』+『to』+『名』》」

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2012/02/21 00:50:12」(JST)

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英文文献

  • A comparison of motivations for use among users of crack cocaine and cocaine powder in a sample of simultaneous cocaine and alcohol users.
  • Martin G1, Macdonald S2, Pakula B3, Roth EA4.Author information 1Centre for Addictions Research of British Columbia, University of Victoria, Canada. Electronic address: gcmartin@uvic.ca.2Centre for Addictions Research of British Columbia, University of Victoria, Canada; School of Health Information Science, University of Victoria, Canada.3School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Canada.4Centre for Addictions Research of British Columbia, University of Victoria, Canada; Department of Anthropology, University of Victoria, Canada.AbstractThis study examined the motivations for using cocaine and alcohol comparing those who primarily smoked crack and those who primarily used cocaine powder when using simultaneously with alcohol. Motivations examined included: 1) to cope with a negative affect, 2) enhancement, 3) to be social and 4) to conform. The research design was a cross-sectional study in which clients in treatment for cocaine and alcohol problems completed a self-administered questionnaire about their substance use. Among those who primarily smoked crack or snorted cocaine when also using alcohol (n=153), there were 93 participants who reported primarily snorting cocaine and 60 participants who primarily reported smoking crack. Bivariate analyses found that those who primarily smoked crack reported lower social motivations to use alcohol and cocaine. When adjusting for other covariates in a multivariate analysis, social motivation was still significantly different between groups. Additionally, those who primarily smoked crack were more likely to be older, report higher cocaine dependence severity, be unemployed and were less likely to have completed some post-secondary education, than those who primarily snorted cocaine. No differences were found in enhancement, coping or conformity motivations between the two groups. These results suggest that simultaneous cocaine and alcohol use may have social importance to those who primarily snort cocaine, but that this importance is less evident to those who smoke crack. Consequently, future studies examining motivations for simultaneous cocaine and alcohol use should distinguish between different routes of cocaine administration.
  • Addictive behaviors.Addict Behav.2014 Mar;39(3):699-702. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.10.029. Epub 2013 Oct 31.
  • This study examined the motivations for using cocaine and alcohol comparing those who primarily smoked crack and those who primarily used cocaine powder when using simultaneously with alcohol. Motivations examined included: 1) to cope with a negative affect, 2) enhancement, 3) to be social and 4) to
  • PMID 24290877
  • Data generation for the Cox proportional hazards model with time-dependent covariates: a method for medical researchers.
  • Hendry DJ.Author information Center for the Study of American Politics, Institution for Social and Policy Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520-8209, U.S.A.AbstractThe proliferation of longitudinal studies has increased the importance of statistical methods for time-to-event data that can incorporate time-dependent covariates. The Cox proportional hazards model is one such method that is widely used. As more extensions of the Cox model with time-dependent covariates are developed, simulations studies will grow in importance as well. An essential starting point for simulation studies of time-to-event models is the ability to produce simulated survival times from a known data generating process. This paper develops a method for the generation of survival times that follow a Cox proportional hazards model with time-dependent covariates. The method presented relies on a simple transformation of random variables generated according to a truncated piecewise exponential distribution and allows practitioners great flexibility and control over both the number of time-dependent covariates and the number of time periods in the duration of follow-up measurement. Within this framework, an additional argument is suggested that allows researchers to generate time-to-event data in which covariates change at integer-valued steps of the time scale. The purpose of this approach is to produce data for simulation experiments that mimic the types of data structures applied that researchers encounter when using longitudinal biomedical data. Validity is assessed in a set of simulation experiments, and results indicate that the proposed procedure performs well in producing data that conform to the assumptions of the Cox proportional hazards model. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • Statistics in medicine.Stat Med.2014 Feb 10;33(3):436-54. doi: 10.1002/sim.5945. Epub 2013 Sep 9.
  • The proliferation of longitudinal studies has increased the importance of statistical methods for time-to-event data that can incorporate time-dependent covariates. The Cox proportional hazards model is one such method that is widely used. As more extensions of the Cox model with time-dependent cova
  • PMID 24014094
  • Protective behavioral strategy use and motivations for drinking: exploring Alternatives to Drinking strategies.
  • Linden AN, Kite BA, Braitman AL, Henson JM.Author information Department of Psychology, Old Dominion University, 250 Mills Godwin Building, Norfolk, VA 23529-0267, USA. Electronic address: alind016@odu.edu.AbstractProtective behavioral strategy (PBS) use is associated with less alcohol consumption and fewer alcohol-related problems. Further, greater endorsement of social or enhancement drinking motives (i.e., positive motives) is associated with less frequent PBS use. Limited research has, however, explored coping or conformity motives (i.e., negative motives) in relation to PBS. Consequently, the present study aimed to (1) identify the types of PBS most strongly associated with negative and positive motives and (2) examine different types of PBS as mediators of the relationship between each drinking motive and alcohol outcomes. Participants were college students (n=303; 70% women) who completed measures of drinking motives, PBS, alcohol use, and alcohol-related problems. Results indicated that greater endorsement of positive drinking motives were more strongly associated with less frequent use of PBS while drinking whereas negative motives were more strongly related to less frequent Alternatives to Drinking strategy use. Further, strategies used while drinking were more relevant in a model of positive drinking motives and Alternatives to Drinking strategies were more relevant in a model of negative motives. These findings may suggest that whereas individuals with stronger positive motives have difficulty using strategies while drinking, individuals who drink to cope or conform have greater difficulty utilizing Alternatives to Drinking strategies. Based on our results demonstrating that different types of PBS are more relevant for various types of drinkers, it may be important for future interventions to discuss not only the participant's PBS use but also their motivations for consuming alcohol.
  • Addictive behaviors.Addict Behav.2014 Feb;39(2):469-72. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.10.008. Epub 2013 Oct 9.
  • Protective behavioral strategy (PBS) use is associated with less alcohol consumption and fewer alcohol-related problems. Further, greater endorsement of social or enhancement drinking motives (i.e., positive motives) is associated with less frequent PBS use. Limited research has, however, explored c
  • PMID 24229844
  • Variation between Self- and Mutual Assessment in Animal Contests.
  • Mesterton-Gibbons M, Heap SM.Author information Department of Mathematics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306.AbstractAbstract Limited resources lead animals into conflicts of interest, which are resolved when an individual withdraws from a direct contest. Current theory suggests that the decision to withdraw can be based on a threshold derived from an individual's own state (self-assessment) or on a comparison between their own state and their opponent's (mutual assessment). The observed variation between these assessment strategies in nature does not conform to theory. Thus, we require theoretical developments that explain the functional significance of different assessment strategies. We consider a hawk-dove game with two discrete classes that differ in fighting ability, in which the players strategically decide on their investment toward mutual assessment. Analysis of the model indicates that there are simultaneous trade-offs relating to assessment strategies. First, weak individuals in a population must decide on whether to acquire information about their opponents at the cost of providing opponents with information about themselves. Secondly, all individuals must decide between investing in mutual assessment and being persistent in contests. Our analysis suggests that the potential for individuals to make errors during contests and differences in the consequences of sharing information within a population may serve as fundamental concepts for explaining variation in assessment strategy.
  • The American naturalist.Am Nat.2014 Feb;183(2):199-213. doi: 10.1086/674443. Epub 2013 Dec 24.
  • Abstract Limited resources lead animals into conflicts of interest, which are resolved when an individual withdraws from a direct contest. Current theory suggests that the decision to withdraw can be based on a threshold derived from an individual's own state (self-assessment) or on a comparison bet
  • PMID 24464195

和文文献

  • 知的障害概念の成立過程に関する研究 -ヘバー定義の成立およびその意義と特徴-
  • シミズ サダオ,タマムラ クニヒコ,清水 貞夫,玉村 公二彦,SHIMIZU Sadao,TAMAMURA Kunihiko
  • 奈良教育大学紀要(人文・社会科学) 63(1), 67-76, 2014-11-30
  • … They are (a) attenuated general intellectual functioning, (b) subnormal level in adaption behavior which refers to a person's ability to live independently, to hold a job, and to conform to the social standards of the community, (c) developmental period. …
  • NAID 120005515407
  • 北京パラリンピック50m平泳ぎ金メダリストに対する競技力向上のための取り組み : ロンドンパラリンピックに向けて
  • 藤谷 光順,桜井 伸二
  • 障害者スポーツ科学 12(1), 33-42, 2014-06-30
  • … Suggestions for the athletic performance improvement derived from the motion analysis were as follows: (1) increase stroke length and decrease stroke rate, (2) conform stroke motion in non-breath stroke to the motion in on-breath stroke, and (3) decrease drag force in recovery phase, and shorten stroke length of right arm in late in-sweep phase. …
  • NAID 110009862960
  • 茨城県小貝川沖積低地の水分系列上の水田土壌断面の特徴と分類(ペドン・ペーパー)
  • 小原 洋,前島 勇治,高田 裕介,大倉 利明,レオン 愛,池羽 正晴
  • ペドロジスト 58(1), 17-29, 2014-06-30
  • 茨城県つくばみらい市の水田土壌3断面について,断面形態,理化学的性質,土壌分類を検討した。3土壌断面は関東平野中部における沖積低地の代表的な地形系列上に位置し,自然堤防近くのA断面では集積層の発達しつつある褐色低地土が認められ,中間部のB断面では水田化作用が進みつつある灰色低地土,台地縁近くのC断面は地下水の影響を受けたグライ化灰色低地土が認められた。A,B両断面とも灌漑水湿性の特徴である鉄集積層 …
  • NAID 110009841757
  • Specimen- and grain-size dependence of compression deformation behavior in nanocrystalline copper
  • Okamoto Norihiko L.,Kashioka Daisuke,Hirato Tetsuji,Inui Haruyuki
  • International Journal of Plasticity 56, 173-183, 2014-05
  • … The critical (D/d)∗ values determined for nanocrystalline Cu pillars with d = 360 and 100 nm increases with the decrease in grain size so as to conform to the same power law scaling obtained for coarse-grained Cu polycrystals. …
  • NAID 120005434967

関連リンク

conformとは。意味や和訳。[動](自)[I([副])]1(1) 〈人が〉(規則・慣習などに)従う, 順応 する((to ...))Drivers must conform.
to give the same shape, outline, or contour to : bring into harmony or accord < conform furrows to the slope of the land>. intransitive verb. 1. : to be similar or identical; also : to be in agreement or harmony —used with to or with <changes that ...
conform - WordReference English-Japanese Dictionary.

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★リンクテーブル★
リンク元match」「fit」「follow」「agree」「agreement
拡張検索conformational」「unconformable」「single-stranded conformational polymorphism」「PCR-single strand conformation polymorphism
関連記事conforming

match」

  [★]

  • v.
  • 調和する、一致させる、匹敵する、整合する、対応する、マッチする
accordaccordanceagreeagreementcoincidecoincidencecomparablecompareconcertconcertedconcordanceconcurconcurrentconformcongruencecongruentconsensusconsistentconsonantcorrespondcorrespondencecorrespondingequalequivalentfitharmonicharmonizationharmonizemanagementmatchingparallelreconcileunanimousunity

WordNet   license wordnet

「provide funds complementary to; "The company matched the employees'' contributions"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the score needed to win a match」

WordNet   license wordnet

「lighter consisting of a thin piece of wood or cardboard tipped with combustible chemical; ignites with friction; "he always carries matches to light his pipe"; "as long you''ve a lucifer to light your fag"」
lucifer, friction match

WordNet   license wordnet

「an exact duplicate; "when a match is found an entry is made in the notebook"」
mate

WordNet   license wordnet

「a burning piece of wood or cardboard; "if you drop a match in there the whole place will explode"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「a formal contest in which two or more persons or teams compete」

WordNet   license wordnet

「something that resembles or harmonizes with; "that tie makes a good match with your jacket"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「(1本の)『まっち』 / (昔の)火縄[銃]」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「《単数形で》(…に)『匹敵する相手』,(…の)好敵手《+『for』+『名』》 / 《単数形で》対[の一方],片われ,生き写し / 《単数形で》(…と)『よくつり合うもの』《+『for』+『名』》 / 『試合』,競技 / 《古》縁組,結婚;結婚相手 / (…で)…‘に'『匹敵する』,‘と'対等である《+『名』+『in』(『for』)+『名』》 / (…と)…‘を'対抗させる,試合させる《+『名』+『against』(『with』)+『名』》 / 〈物が〉…‘と'『調和する』,つり合う / 〈人が〉…‘に'調和するものを見つける / 《古》(…と)…‘を'結婚させる《+『名』+『to』(『with』)+『名』》 / (…と)『調和がとれている』,つり合う《+『up with』+『名』》」

WordNet   license wordnet

「make correspond or harmonize; "Match my sweater"」
fit

WordNet   license wordnet

「be compatible, similar or consistent; coincide in their characteristics; "The two stories don''t agree in many details"; "The handwriting checks with the signature on the check"; "The suspect''s fingerprints don''t match those on the gun"」
fit, correspond, check, jibe, gibe, tally, agree

WordNet   license wordnet

「bring two objects, ideas, or people together; "This fact is coupled to the other one"; "Matchmaker, can you match my daughter with a nice young man?"; "The student was paired with a partner for collaboration on the project"」
mate, couple, pair, twin

WordNet   license wordnet

「be equal or harmonize; "The two pieces match"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「give or join in marriage」

fit」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • 適当な、ふさわしい。至当な、穏当な。(任に)耐えうる、適任の
  • (生物)(環境に対して)適応した、(生存)適者の
  • 体調がよい、健康で
  • (いつでも~する)用意ができて、今にも~しそうな
  • vt.
  • ~に適合する、合う、フィットする。~と調和/一致する、~に相応する
  • vi.
  • 合う、びったりする、フィットする。(~に)収まる(into)。調和/適合する(in, with)。
  • n.
  • 適合。(衣服などの)合いぐあい。体に合う衣服。(機械)(部品の)嵌め合い。(統計)適合度
accord, accordance, adequate, adequately, adjust, agree, agreement, apply, apt, coincide, coincidence, concert, concerted, concordance, concur, concurrent, conform, conformity, congruence, congruent, consensus, consistent, consonant, correspond, correspondence, corresponding, instrument, match, matching, proper, suit, true, unanimous, unity, wear

  • n.(病気の)発作。引きつけ、痙攣。(感情の)激発、一時的興奮、気まぐれ

WordNet   license wordnet

「physically and mentally sound or healthy; "felt relaxed and fit after their holiday"; "keeps fit with diet and exercise"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「a display of bad temper; "he had a fit"; "she threw a tantrum"; "he made a scene"」
tantrum, scene, conniption

WordNet   license wordnet

「insert or adjust several objects or people; "Can you fit the toy into the box?"; "This man can''t fit himself into our work environment"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「make fit; "fit a dress"; "He fitted other pieces of paper to his cut-out"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the manner in which something fits; "I admired the fit of her coat"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「『適した』,適切な,ぴったりの / 《補語にのみ用いて》よい調子で;健康で / 《be fit to do》いまにも…しそうである《explode,burst,fall,dropなど危険な意 / を含む動詞と共に用いる》 / 〈意図・目的など〉‘に'『合う』,ふさわしい / (…に)…‘を'『合わせる』,はめ込む,取り付ける《+『名』+『to』(『into,in,on』)+『名』》;(…を)…‘に'合わせる《+『名』+『with』+『名』》 / 〈人〉‘に'資格をつける,‘を'適させる / 適する,合う(服・靴などの)でき具合;体に合うもの / 〈U〉適合,対応」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「(病気の)『発作』 / (感情などの)『一時的な爆発』《+『of』+『名』》」

WordNet   license wordnet

「be the right size or shape; fit correctly or as desired; "This piece won''t fit into the puzzle"」
go

WordNet   license wordnet

「(usually followed by `to'' or `for'」
primed, set

WordNet   license wordnet

「conform to some shape or size; "How does this shirt fit?"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「meeting adequate standards for a purpose; "a fit subject for discussion"; "it is fit and proper that you be there"; "water fit to drink"; "fit for duty"; "do as you see fit to"」


follow」

  [★]

  • v.
accompanycomplyconformcontinueentailfraughtkeepobeysucceed

WordNet   license wordnet

「to travel behind, go after, come after; "The ducklings followed their mother around the pond"; "Please follow the guide through the museum"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「behave in accordance or in agreement with; "Follow a pattern"; "Follow my example"」
conform to

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「…‘の'『後について行く』;…‘の'後に続く(来る) / 〈道など〉‘を'『たどる』,‘に'沿って行く / 〈規則など〉‘に'『従う』 / 〈動きなど〉‘を'じっと見詰める,観察する / …‘を'理解する(understand) / …‘を'まねる,模範とする / 〈職業〉‘に'従事する / …‘から'起こる(result from) / 〈人・動物など〉‘を'追跡する,追う / 『後について行く』(『来る』) / 『続いて起こる』,次に来る / (論理的に)…という結論になる,当然の結果として…となる」

WordNet   license wordnet

「come after in time, as a result; "A terrible tsunami followed the earthquake"」
come after

WordNet   license wordnet

「come as a logical consequence; follow logically; "It follows that your assertion is false"; "the theorem falls out nicely"」
fall out

WordNet   license wordnet

「travel along a certain course; "follow the road"; "follow the trail"」
travel along

WordNet   license wordnet

「accept and follow the leadership or command or guidance of; "Let''s follow our great helmsman!"; "She followed a guru for years"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「adhere to or practice; "These people still follow the laws of their ancient religion"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「be next; "Mary plays best, with John and Sue following"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「grasp the meaning; "Can you follow her argument?"; "When he lectures, I cannot follow"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「to bring something about at a later time than; "She followed dinner with a brandy"; "He followed his lecture with a question and answer period"」


agree」

  [★]

  • vi.
  • 応諾する(to)、同意/賛同する(to, with, in)。合意に達する、折り合いがつく(about, on)
  • 一致/符号する(with)。適合する、似合う(with)。一緒に仲良く行動/生活する
  • (気候・食べ物などが)(人に)適する(with)
  • (文法)(人称・数・格・性など)呼応/一致する(with)
  • vt.
  • (本当であると)認める。(提案など)是認/承認する。協議して決める、(紛争など)和解に持ち込む、(勘定など)一致させる
accordaccordanceagreementapprovalapprovecoincidecoincidenceconcertconcertedconcordanceconcurconcurrentconformcongruencecongruentconsensusconsentconsistentconsonantcorrespondcorrespondencecorrespondingfitmatchunanimousunity

WordNet   license wordnet

「show grammatical agreement; "Subjects and verbs must always agree in English"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈人が〉『意見が一致する』,合意する;『同意する』,賛成する / 〈物事が〉(…と)合致する,一致する《+『with』+『名』》 / (…と)いっしょにうまくやる《+『with』+『名』》 / (文章で)〈人称・性・数・格が〉一致する / …に意見が一致する,同意する」

WordNet   license wordnet

「be in accord; be in agreement; "We agreed on the terms of the settlement"; "I can''t agree with you!"; "I hold with those who say life is sacred"; "Both philosophers concord on this point"」
hold, concur, concord

WordNet   license wordnet

「achieve harmony of opinion, feeling, or purpose; "No two of my colleagues would agree on whom to elect chairman"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「be agreeable or suitable; "White wine doesn''t agree with me"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「consent or assent to a condition, or agree to do something; "She agreed to all my conditions"; "He agreed to leave her alone"」


agreement」

  [★]

  • n.
accordaccordanceagreeappointmentapprovalapprovearrangementcoincidecoincidenceconcertconcertedconcordanceconcurconcurrentconformcongruencecongruentconsensusconsentconsistentconsonantconventioncorrespondcorrespondencecorrespondingengageengagementfitmatchpromiseunanimousunity

WordNet   license wordnet

「compatibility of observations; "there was no agreement between theory and measurement"; "the results of two tests were in correspondence"」
correspondence

WordNet   license wordnet

「harmony of people''s opinions or actions or characters; "the two parties were in agreement"」
accord

WordNet   license wordnet

「the determination of grammatical inflection on the basis of word relations」
concord

WordNet   license wordnet

「the thing arranged or agreed to; "they made arrangements to meet in Chicago"」
arrangement

WordNet   license wordnet

「the statement (oral or written) of an exchange of promises; "they had an agreement that they would not interfere in each other''s business"; "there was an understanding between management and the workers"」
understanding

WordNet   license wordnet

「the verbal act of agreeing」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈U〉(意見・感情などの)(…についての)『一致』,調和,同意《+『on』(『upon,about,with』)+『名』(『wh-節・句』)》 / 〈C〉(2者以上の間で結ばれた)『協定』,協約 / 〈U〉(人称・性・格の)一致(concord)」


conformational」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • 立体構造の、コンフォメーションの、コンホメーションの、立体構造的な、高次構造上の、高次構造的な、立体配座の、立体配置的な
configurationalconfigurationallyconformationconformational stateconformationallystructuralstructurallytertiary structure


unconformable」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「not correspondent; "a description unconformable to previous accounts"」

single-stranded conformational polymorphism」

  [★]

一本鎖高次構造多型分析一本鎖高次構造多型分析法

SSCP


PCR-single strand conformation polymorphism」

  [★]

PCR-SSCP
PCR-SSCP


conforming」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「adhering to established customs or doctrines (especially in religion)」
conformist


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