choline esters

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  • Identification of natural lactoylcholine in lactic acid bacteria-fermented food.
  • Nakamura K1, Okitsu S2, Ishida R3, Tian S4, Igari N5, Amano Y6.
  • Food chemistry.Food Chem.2016 Jun 15;201:185-9. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2016.01.055. Epub 2016 Jan 14.
  • Acetylcholine (AcCh) is a major neurotransmitter and an agonist of nicotinic and muscarinic receptors in non-neuronal systems. Artificially synthesized lactoylcholine (LaCh) has potent nicotinic activity equal to that of AcCh. In this study, we report the isolation and purification of natural AcCh a
  • PMID 26868564
  • Differential lipid metabolism in monocytes and macrophages-influence of cholesterol loading.
  • Fernandez-Ruiz I1, Puchalska P1, Aluganti Narasimhulu C1, Sengupta B1, Parthasarathy S2.
  • Journal of lipid research.J Lipid Res.2016 Feb 2. pii: jlr.M062752. [Epub ahead of print]
  • The influence of the hypercholesterolemia associated with atherosclerosis on monocytes is poorly understood. Monocytes are exposed to high concentrations of lipids, particularly cholesterol and lysophosphatidylcholine (lyso-PtdCho). Indeed, in line with recent reports, we found that monocytes accumu
  • PMID 26839333


  • 帝王切開術術前に発見されたコリンエステラーゼ欠損症合併妊娠の1例
  • 佐々木 紘子,富井 一枝,鷲尾 元夫,池辺 成三,劉 衛東,波田 壽一
  • 産婦人科の進歩 56(2), 91-98, 2004
  •  コリンエステラーゼ(ChE)はコリンエステルをコリンと有機酸に分解する酵素で,肝臓をはじめ体内のさまざまな臓器に分布する.臨床では肝臓での蛋白合成能の指標および術前検査として重要である.異常低値患者は日常生活においてとくに支障をきたすことなく生活することができるが,脱分極性筋弛緩薬が投与された際は,術後長期の筋弛緩効果の遷延および遷延性無呼吸が惹起される.またエステル型局所麻酔薬を投与された際は …
  • NAID 130001223437
  • Increased Alcohol Acetyltransferase Activity by Inositol Limitation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae in Sake Mash
  • Furukawa Keiji,Yamada Tasuku,Mizoguchi Haruhiko [他],HARA SHODO
  • Journal of bioscience and bioengineering 96(4), 380-386, 2003-10-25
  • … In several strains tested, inositol addition to the mash decreased isoamyl acetate content and E/A ratio in sake Inositol addition significantly decreased alcohol acetyltransferase (AATase) activity which is responsible for the synthesis of acetate esters from alcohols and acetyl coenzyme A. … The results of Northern blot analysis and disruption of the OP11 gene, an inositol/choline-mediated negative regulatory gene, showed that the decrease in AATase activity following inositol addition is not due to a transcriptional event. …
  • NAID 110002665210


choline esters a group of cholinergic drugs that act at sites or organs where acetylcholine is the neurotransmitter. Examples include bethanechol, carbachol, and methacholine. choline a quaternary amine which occurs in the ...
cho·line (kō′lēn′) n. A natural amine, C 5 H 15 NO 2, often classed in the vitamin B complex and a constituent of many other biologically important molecules, such as acetylcholine and lecithin. choline (ˈkəʊliːn; -ɪn; ˈkɒl-) n ...





  [★] エステル

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「formed by reaction between an acid and an alcohol with elimination of water」

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  [★] コリン

WordNet   license wordnet

「a B-complex vitamin that is a constituent of lecithin; essential in the metabolism of fat」