cephalosporin

出典: meddic

セファロスポリン系抗菌薬

WordNet   license wordnet

「one of several broad spectrum antibiotic substances obtained from fungi and related to penicillin (trade names Mefoxin); addition of side chains has produced semisynthetic antibiotics with greater antibacterial activity」
Mefoxin

Wikipedia preview

出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2013/01/30 18:33:23」(JST)

wiki en

[Wiki en表示]

UpToDate Contents

全文を閲覧するには購読必要です。 To read the full text you will need to subscribe.

英文文献

  • A retrospective comparative study of 2-drug oral and intramuscular cephalosporin treatment regimens for pharyngeal gonorrhea.
  • Barbee LA, Kerani RP, Dombrowski JC, Soge OO, Golden MR.SourceDepartment of Medicine, University of Washington.
  • Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America.Clin Infect Dis.2013 Jun;56(11):1539-45. doi: 10.1093/cid/cit084. Epub 2013 Feb 13.
  • Background. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines for pharyngeal gonorrhea treatment recommend dual therapy with intramuscular ceftriaxone and either azithromycin or doxycycline. Few clinical data exist to support this recommendation. Methods. We conducted a retrospective ana
  • PMID 23408680
  • Evaluation of an autogenous vaccine in cattle against Escherichia coli bearing the CTX-M-14 plasmid.
  • Reeves HE, Lotz SB, Kennedy E, Randall LP, Coldham NG, La Ragione RM.SourceDepartment of Bacteriology and Food Safety, Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency (AHVLA) Weybridge, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey, KT15 3NB, United Kingdom. Electronic address: hannah.reeves@ahvla.gsi.gov.uk.
  • Research in veterinary science.Res Vet Sci.2013 Jun;94(3):419-24. doi: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2013.01.001. Epub 2013 Jan 26.
  • Enteric bacteria with resistance to third and fourth generation cephalosporin antibiotics, especially Escherichia coli bearing the blaCTX-M gene, have been detected in a wide range of food producing animals. However, commercial vaccines for these organisms are not currently available. An autogenous
  • PMID 23360687
  • Nationwide surveillance of bacterial pathogens from patients with acute uncomplicated cystitis conducted by the Japanese surveillance committee during 2009 and 2010: antimicrobial susceptibility of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus saprophyticus.
  • Hayami H, Takahashi S, Ishikawa K, Yasuda M, Yamamoto S, Uehara S, Hamasuna R, Matsumoto T, Minamitani S, Watanabe A, Iwamoto A, Totsuka K, Kadota J, Sunakawa K, Sato J, Hanaki H, Tsukamoto T, Kiyota H, Egawa S, Tanaka K, Arakawa S, Fujisawa M, Kumon H, Kobayashi K, Matsubara A, Naito S, Tatsugami K, Yamaguchi T, Ito S, Kanokogi M, Narita H, Kawano H, Hosobe T, Takayama K, Sumii T, Fujii A, Sato T, Yamauchi T, Izumitani M, Chokyu H, Ihara H, Akiyama K, Yoshioka M, Uno S, Monden K, Kano M, Kaji S, Kawai S, Ito K, Inatomi H, Nishimura H, Ikuyama T, Nishi S, Takahashi K, Kawano Y, Ishihara S, Tsuneyoshi K, Matsushita S, Yamane T, Hirose T, Fujihiro S, Endo K, Oka Y, Takeyama K, Kimura T, Uemura T.SourceUrogenital sub-committee and the Surveillance Committee of Japanese Society of Chemotherapy (JCS), The Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases (JAID) and The Japanese Society for Clinical Microbiology (JSCM), Tokyo, Japan, bass@m.kufm.kagoshima-u.ac.jp.
  • Journal of infection and chemotherapy : official journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy.J Infect Chemother.2013 May 3. [Epub ahead of print]
  • The Japanese surveillance committee conducted the first nationwide surveillance of antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of uropathogens responsible for female acute uncomplicated cystitis at 43 hospitals throughout Japan from April 2009 to November 2010. In this study, the causative bacteria (Esche
  • PMID 23640203
  • Frequency and factors associated with carriage of multi-drug resistant commensal Escherichia coli among women attending antenatal clinics in Central India.
  • Pathak A, Chandran P S, Mahadik K, Macaden R, Lundborg CS.AbstractBACKGROUND: Commensal Escherichia coli are a prominent reservoir of genes coding for antibiotic resistance and also responsible for endogenous infections in pregnant women. We studied the factors in pregnant women associated with carriage of multi-drug resistant (MDR) E. coli and genetic determinants of antibiotic resistance in them.
  • BMC infectious diseases.BMC Infect Dis.2013 May 2;13(1):199. [Epub ahead of print]
  • BACKGROUND: Commensal Escherichia coli are a prominent reservoir of genes coding for antibiotic resistance and also responsible for endogenous infections in pregnant women. We studied the factors in pregnant women associated with carriage of multi-drug resistant (MDR) E. coli and genetic determinant
  • PMID 23638834

和文文献

  • Multidrug-Resistant Vibrio cholerae O1 was Responsible for a Cholera Outbreak in 2013 in Bagalkot, North Karnataka
  • Bhattacharya Debdutta,Dey Shuchismita,Roy Subarna,Parande Mahantesh V.,Telsang M.,Seema M. H.,Parande Aisha V.,Mantur Basappa G.
  • Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases 68(4), 347-350, 2015
  • … All of the cephalosporin-resistant V. …
  • NAID 130005088798
  • 医療現場における薬物治療の安全性確保を目指した臨床薬理学・薬剤疫学研究
  • 川上 純一
  • 薬学雑誌. 乙号 135(4), 619-624, 2015
  • … The risk of a tendon disorder in FQ-prescribed patients was 0.082% (95%CI: 0.049-0.137%), and significantly higher than that in cephalosporin-prescribed patients. … The risk ratio in FQ-prescribed patients in relation to cephalosporin-prescribed patients was 6.29 (95%CI: 2.27-17.46). …
  • NAID 130005060831
  • Outbreak of cholera by multidrug resistant Vibrio cholerae O1 in a back ward taluka of Bagalkot, North Karnataka
  • Bhattacharya Debdutta,Dey Shuchismita,Roy Subarna,Parande Mahantesh V.,Telsang M.,Seema M. H.,Parande Aisha V.,Mantur Basappa G.
  • Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases advpub(0), 2015
  • … All the cephalosporin resistant strains were confirmed to produce extended spectrum beta lactamase. …
  • NAID 130004757180
  • 犬猫における第三世代セファロスポリン感受性と耐性腸内細菌科細菌感染症の治療成績 (日本獣医師会学会学術誌) -- (小動物臨床関連部門)
  • 木村 唯,嶋田 恵理子,宮本 忠 [他]
  • 日本獣医師会雑誌 = Journal of the Japan Veterinary Medical Association 67(6), 419-425, 2014-06
  • NAID 40020122507

関連リンク

Cephalosporin definition, any of a group of widely used broad-spectrum antibiotics, originally isolated as a product of fermentation from the fungus Cephalosporium acremonium. See more. Thesaurus Translate Puzzles & Games ...
cephalosporin [sef″ah-lo-spor´in] any of a large group of broad-spectrum antibiotics from Acremonium (formerly Cephalosporium), a genus of soil-inhabiting fungi. Cephalosporins are similar in structure and antimicrobial action to penicillin
According to Ranbaxy, in June 2014, European authorities inspected all units at Ranbaxy's Dewas plant, located nearly 35 km from Indore, and did not approve the manufacturing practices at the unit that makes injectable cephalosporin ...

関連画像

Structure of CephalosporinsCephalosporins are a class of β-lactam INDICATIONS: Respiratory tract Cephalosporin Picture Slideshowcourtesy:commons.wikimedia.orgThe first member of the newer series of no higher resolution availableSee Larger Photo


★リンクテーブル★
リンク元セフタジジム」「セファロスポリン系抗菌薬」「セフォペラゾン」「セフトリアキソン」「セフォタキシム
拡張検索cephalosporinase」「deacetoxycephalosporin」「cephalosporin antibiotic」「cephalosporin antibiotics
関連記事cephalosporins

セフタジジム」

  [★]

ceftazidime, CAZ
Fortaz, Ceptaz, Tazicer, Taxidimeセパダシンモダケミンモダシンモベンゾシン
セファロスポリン系抗菌薬
  • generation III cephalosporin

抗菌スペクトル

効果・効能

モダシン静注用

適応菌種

  • 本剤に感性のブドウ球菌属、レンサ球菌属、肺炎球菌、大腸菌、シトロバクター属、クレブシエラ属、エンテロバクター属、セラチア属、プロテウス属、モルガネラ・モルガニー、プロビデンシア属、インフルエンザ菌、シュードモナス属、緑膿菌、バークホルデリア・セパシア、ステノトロホモナス(ザントモナス)・マルトフィリア、アシネトバクター属、ペプトストレプトコッカス属、バクテロイデス属、プレボテラ属(プレボテラ・ビビアを除く)

適応症

  • 敗血症、感染性心内膜炎、外傷・熱傷及び手術創等の二次感染、咽頭・喉頭炎、扁桃炎(扁桃周囲炎、扁桃周囲膿瘍を含む)、急性気管支炎、肺炎、肺膿瘍、膿胸、慢性呼吸器病変の二次感染、膀胱炎、腎盂腎炎、前立腺炎(急性症、慢性症)、腹膜炎、胆嚢炎、胆管炎、肝膿瘍、バルトリン腺炎、子宮内感染、子宮付属器炎、子宮旁結合織炎、化膿性髄膜炎、中耳炎、副鼻腔炎



セファロスポリン系抗菌薬」

  [★]

cephalosporin antibiotics, cephalosporin, cephalosporins
セフェム系抗菌薬?、セフェム系抗生物質cephem antibiotic? cephem antibiotics
抗菌薬βラクタム系抗菌薬 、第三世代抗生物質

特徴

  • 抗菌スペクトルが広い
グラム陽性菌グラム陰性菌

構造

副作用

  • 過敏症(ペニシリン系抗菌薬と同様であるが、頻度はペニシリン系に比べ低い)
  • (1)ジスルフィラム様作用、(2)ビタミンK依存性の凝固因子の産生低下(cefotetancefoperazoneに特徴的。共通点はN-methylthiotetrazole(NMTT) side chainを持つこと)。(PPC.612)

セフェム系抗菌薬

第三世代セフェム

セフォタキシム cefotaxime
セフトリアキソン ceftriaxone
セフジニル cefdinir
セフジトレンピボキシル cefditoren pivoxil
セフチブテン ceftibuten
セフポドキシムプロキセチル cefpodoxime proxetil
セフチゾキシム ceftizoxime
セフォペラゾン cefoperazone
セフタジジム ceftazidime





セフォペラゾン」

  [★]

cefoperazone CPZ
cefoperazonum
cefoperazone sodium セフォペラゾンナトリウム
CEFOBIDスペルゾンスルタムジンスルペゾールスルペラゾンセフォセフセフォビッドセフォペラジンセフォンセフロニックナスパルンバクフォーゼワイスタール
セファロスポリン系抗菌薬
  • generation III cephalosporin

抗菌スペクトル



セフトリアキソン」

  [★]

ceftriaxone, CTRX
セフトリアキソンナトリウム ceftriaxone sodium
Rocephinセフィロームセフキソンセロニードリアソフィンロセフィンロゼクラート
抗菌薬
  • first aid step1 2006 p.140,168,173
  • generation III cephalosporin





セフォタキシム」

  [★]

cefotaxime CTX
cefotaximum cefotaxime sodium
cefotaxime sodium
CLAFORANクラフォランセフォタックス
抗菌薬セフェム系抗菌薬
  • generation III cephalosporin

構造

cephalosporinase」

  [★]

セファロス・リナーゼ、セファロス・リン分解酵素


deacetoxycephalosporin」

  [★]

デアセトキシセファロス・リン


cephalosporin antibiotic」

  [★] セファロスポリン系抗菌薬


cephalosporin antibiotics」

  [★] セファロスポリン系抗菌薬


cephalosporins」

  [★] セファロスポリン系抗菌薬





★コメント★

[メモ入力エリア]
※コメント5000文字まで
ニックネーム:
コメント:




表示
個人用ツール


  meddic.jp

リンク
連絡