body mass index

出典: meddic

BMI

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英文文献

  • Body mass index is positively associated with bone mineral density in US older adults.
  • Lloyd JT1, Alley DE, Hawkes WG, Hochberg MC, Waldstein SR, Orwig DL.Author information 1Doctoral Program in Gerontology, University of Maryland, Baltimore and Baltimore County, USA, Jennifer.Lloyd.Wolter@gmail.com.AbstractLiterature has been conflicting as to whether obesity is protective against osteoporosis. Understanding the relationship is particularly important in light of the increasing prevalence of obesity among older adults. Study results confirm a protective association between obesity and osteoporosis in a recent, nationally representative sample of US older adults.
  • Archives of osteoporosis.Arch Osteoporos.2014 Dec;9(1):175. doi: 10.1007/s11657-014-0175-2. Epub 2014 Mar 25.
  • Literature has been conflicting as to whether obesity is protective against osteoporosis. Understanding the relationship is particularly important in light of the increasing prevalence of obesity among older adults. Study results confirm a protective association between obesity and osteoporosis in a
  • PMID 24664472
  • The clinical characteristics of patients with hip fractures in typical locations and atypical femoral fractures.
  • Velasco S1, Kim S, Bleakney R, Jamal SA.Author information 1Unidad de Endocrinología, Clínica Alemana de Santiago, Facultad de Medicina Clínica Alemana, Universidad del Desarrollo, Santiago, Chile.AbstractThe pathophysiology of atypical fractures is unknown. We compared characteristics of patients with atypical femoral fractures and hip fractures in typical locations of the femur. Patients with atypical fracture reported a longer duration of use of bisphosphonates, had higher body mass index, and higher total hip bone mineral density. Further studies are needed.
  • Archives of osteoporosis.Arch Osteoporos.2014 Dec;9(1):171. doi: 10.1007/s11657-014-0171-6. Epub 2014 Jan 31.
  • The pathophysiology of atypical fractures is unknown. We compared characteristics of patients with atypical femoral fractures and hip fractures in typical locations of the femur. Patients with atypical fracture reported a longer duration of use of bisphosphonates, had higher body mass index, and hig
  • PMID 24481776
  • Physical activity variety, energy expenditure, and body mass index.
  • Raynor HA1, Bond DS2, Steeves J3, Thompson DL4.Author information 1University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA. hraynor@utk.edu.2Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.3National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD, USA.4University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA.AbstractOBJECTIVES: To examine if physical activity (PA) variety was associated with moderate- to vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA) energy expenditure and body mass index (BMI) at 18 months during an obesity intervention.
  • American journal of health behavior.Am J Health Behav.2014 Jul;38(4):624-30. doi: 10.5993/AJHB.38.4.16.
  • OBJECTIVES: To examine if physical activity (PA) variety was associated with moderate- to vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA) energy expenditure and body mass index (BMI) at 18 months during an obesity intervention.METHODS: Participants with ≥ 10 minutes/week of MVPA at 6 months and complete PA data were
  • PMID 24636125

和文文献

  • Body Mass Index and Weight Change During Adulthood Are Associated With Increased Mortality From Liver Cancer: The JACC Study
  • Li Yuanying,Yatsuya Hiroshi,Yamagishi Kazumasa,Wakai Kenji,Tamakoshi Akiko,Iso Hiroyasu,山岸 良匡
  • Journal of epidemiology 23(3), 219-226, 2013-05-00
  • … Background: We investigated the association of baseline body mass index (BMI) and weight change since age 20 years with liver cancer mortality among Japanese.Methods: The data were obtained from the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study for Evaluation of Cancer Risk (JACC Study). …
  • NAID 120005298584
  • Family history of diabetes, lifestyle factors, and the 7-year incident risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in middle-aged Japanese men and women
  • Sakurai Masaru,Nakamura Koshi,Miura Katsuyuki,Takamura Toshinari,Yoshita Katsushi,Sasaki Satoshi,Nagasawa Shin-ya,Morikawa Yuko,Ishizaki Masao,Kido Teruhiko,Naruse Yuchi,Suwazono Yasushi,Nakagawa Hideaki
  • Journal of Diabetes Investigation 4(3), 261-268, 2013-05-00
  • … HRs did not change after adjustment for body mass index and lifestyle factors. … We found no interactions with body mass index, insulin resistance, pancreatic β-cell function or lifestyle factors. …
  • NAID 120005254068
  • Systemic Factors Influence the Prognosis of Diabetic Macular Edema after Pars Plana Vitrectomy with Internal Limiting Membrane Peeling
  • Yamada Yoshihisa,Suzuma Kiyoshi,Kumagami Takeshi,Fujikawa Azusa,Kitaoka Takashi
  • Ophthalmologica 229(3), 142-146, 2013-04-00
  • … Foveal average retinal thickness at the 6-month follow-up was significantly thicker when patients had a higher body mass index (p = 0.0088), were not on dialysis (p = 0.012), or did not have proliferative diabetic retinopathy (p = 0.013). …
  • NAID 120005293406

関連リンク

Standard Body Mass Index calculator. ... Calculate Your Body Mass Index Body mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on height and weight that applies to adult men and women.
This site has moved to http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/obesity/BMI/bmicalc.htm. Please update your bookmarks and click here to visit the new site.

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★リンクテーブル★
国試過去問106E069
リンク元BMI」「肥満度指数」「ボディ・マス・インデックス」「体容量指数
関連記事body」「index」「mass」「Mass」「ma

106E069」

  [★]

  • 68歳の女性。左膝関節痛と腰痛とを主訴に来院した。 2年間に10kg、最近の1か月に1.5kgの体重増加があった。体重の増加に伴い、次第に左膝関節痛と腰痛とが強くなってきた。身長150cm、体重76.5kg、腹囲85cm。体脂肪率35%。
  • この患者のBMI(body mass index)を求めよ。
  • 解答:①②
  •   a b c d e f g h i j
  • ① 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
  • ② 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9


[正答]


※国試ナビ4※ 106E068]←[国試_106]→[106F001

BMI」

  [★]

body mass index, BMI
体型指数カウプ指数 Kaup指数 Kaup's index Kaup index
カウプ・ダーヴェンポート指数 Kaup-Davenport index
肥満症、比体重、ローレル指数(学童の肥満の判定)

成人

  • 標準的な範囲 20< <24
  • 標準 22

乳幼児

  • 月齢3-12ヶ月:正常:15-18。肥満:>18。やせ:<15

カウプ指数

体重(g)/身長(cm)^2 = 正常範囲15-18

計算

数字を入力してenterを押す。

cm & kg ⇔ BMI:


肥満の判定

日本肥満学会による分類
  • 18.5≦ <25 :普通体重
  • 25 ≦ <30 :肥満(1度)
  • 30 ≦ <35 :肥満(2度)
  • 35 ≦ <40 :肥満(3度)
  • 40 ≦    :肥満(4度)



肥満度指数」

  [★]

body mass indexBMI
体型指数ボディ・マス・インデックス


ボディ・マス・インデックス」

  [★]

body mass index
肥満度指数体型指数


体容量指数」

  [★]

body mass index
BMI


body」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「invest with or as with a body; give body to」
personify

WordNet   license wordnet

「the external structure of a vehicle; "the body of the car was badly rusted"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the main mass of a thing」

WordNet   license wordnet

「a natural object consisting of a dead animal or person; "they found the body in the lake"」
dead body

WordNet   license wordnet

「the entire structure of an organism (an animal, plant, or human being); "he felt as if his whole body were on fire"」
organic structure, physical structure

WordNet   license wordnet

「a collection of particulars considered as a system; "a body of law"; "a body of doctrine"; "a body of precedents"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「a group of persons associated by some common tie or occupation and regarded as an entity; "the whole body filed out of the auditorium"; "the student body"; "administrative body"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「an individual 3-dimensional object that has mass and that is distinguishable from other objects; "heavenly body"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the central message of a communication; "the body of the message was short"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈C〉『身体』,肉体 / 〈C〉(人・動物の)『胴体』 / 〈C〉)物の)『主要部』,本体《+『of』+『名』》 / 〈C〉(…の)『団体』,群れ:(…のたくさんの)集まり《+『of』+『名』》 / 〈C〉物体,…体 / 〈U〉実質;(酒・味などの)こく / 〈C〉《話》人」


index」

  [★]

  • n.
  • 索引、見出し。目録
  • (正式)(~を示す)しるし、あらわれ。指標(sign)(of,to)
  • (まれ)目盛り、(計器などの)指針、針(pointer)
  • =finger
  • (pl.)指数(事象の性質・程度の指標として特定の方式で表した数値)。(数学)指数(exponent)
  • (コンピュータ)インデックス
  • (物理)(屈曲などの)率
  • vt.


indicationindicatorindices

WordNet   license wordnet

「provide with an index; "index the book"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the finger next to the thumb」
index finger, forefinger

WordNet   license wordnet

「a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time」
index number, indicant, indicator

WordNet   license wordnet

「an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「(本・雑誌などの)『索引』;図書目録 / 指し示すもの,印 / (計器などの)指針 / 指数・虜 / 《the I-》(カトック教会の)禁所目録 / 〈本など〉‘に'索引をつける / 〈語など〉‘を'索引に載せる」

WordNet   license wordnet

「adjust through indexation; "The government indexes wages and prices"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「list in an index」


mass」

  [★]

  • n.
  • 塊、密集体、集団、多数、大量
  • 大部分、主要部、大半
  • 質量
  • 一般大衆
  • (医)腫瘤

WordNet   license wordnet

「join together into a mass or collect or form a mass; "Crowds were massing outside the palace"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「the property of a body that causes it to have weight in a gravitational field」

WordNet   license wordnet

「a body of matter without definite shape; "a huge ice mass"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「an ill-structured collection of similar things (objects or people)」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈C〉(一定の形をもたない物に用いて)…の)『固まり』,集まり《+『of』+『名』》 / 〈C〉『多数』,多量(の…)《+『of』+『名』》 / 〈C〉《the ~》『大部分』(の…),(…の)主要部《+『of』+『名』》 / 〈U〉(物体の)大きさ,かさ / 《the masses》『一般大衆』,庶民 / 〈U〉質量(物体の基本的性質を表す量) / 〈人・物〉‘を'集める,一団にする / 〈人・物が〉一かたまりになる,一団となる / 大衆の,一般に付及した / 大規模な」


Mass」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「(Roman Catholic Church and Protestant Churches) the celebration of the Eucharist」

WordNet   license wordnet

「a musical setting for a Mass; "they played a Mass composed by Beethoven"」

WordNet   license wordnet

「a sequence of prayers constituting the Christian Eucharistic rite; "the priest said Mass"」

ma」

  [★]

WordNet   license wordnet

「informal terms for a mother」
mama, mamma, mom, momma, mommy, mammy, mum, mummy

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「《M-》《話》おかあちゃん(mamma)」




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