blood cells

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2012/09/02 20:46:05」(JST)

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  • Local bone marrow renin-angiotensin system in primitive, definitive and neoplastic haematopoiesis.
  • Haznedaroglu IC, Beyazit Y.Source*Department of Hematology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.
  • Clinical science (London, England : 1979).Clin Sci (Lond).2013 Mar 1;124(5):307-23. doi: 10.1042/CS20120300.
  • The locally active ligand peptides, mediators, receptors and signalling pathways of the haematopoietic BM (bone marrow) autocrine/paracrine RAS (renin-angiotensin system) affect the essential steps of definitive blood cell production. Haematopoiesis, erythropoiesis, myelopoiesis, formation of monocy
  • PMID 23157407
  • Altered microRNA expression levels in mononuclear cells of patients with pulmonary and pleural tuberculosis and their relation with components of the immune response.
  • Spinelli SV, Diaz A, D'Attilio L, Marchesini MM, Bogue C, Bay ML, Bottasso OA.SourceInstitute of Immunology, School of Medical Sciences, Rosario National University, Santa Fe 3100, Rosario 2000, Argentina. Electronic address:
  • Molecular immunology.Mol Immunol.2013 Mar;53(3):265-9. doi: 10.1016/j.molimm.2012.08.008. Epub 2012 Sep 8.
  • Different lines of evidence demonstrate that microRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in host-pathogen interactions. In this study we investigated the expression patterns of several miRNAs, most of them involved in regulating inflammatory responses, in patients with tuberculosis (TB). In order to u
  • PMID 22964481



Article on the observation of the blood cells by the microscope. ... In the red cells of the mammalians, the lack of nucleus allows more room for hemoglobin and the biconcave shape of these cells raises the surface and cytoplasmic ...
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拡張検索red blood cells



hemocyte, blood corpuscle, hematocyte
血液細胞 blood cell


  • 下図の値から算出。
  個数(/ul)   個数(/ul) 個数(%)
赤血球 男:500万
  5000000 95.1
5000-10000   7500 0.1
15万-35万   250000 4.8
血球 直径(μm)
前赤芽球 14~19
好塩基性赤芽球 12~17
多染性赤芽球 10~15
正染性赤芽球 8~12
赤血球 7~8.5
骨髄芽球 12~20
前骨髄球 16~23
骨髄球 12~20
後骨髄球 12~18
杆状核(好中球) 10~18
分節核(好中球) 10~16
分節核(好酸球) 13~18
分節核(好塩基球) 12~16
リンパ芽球 11~18
リンパ球 7~16
形質球 10~20
異形リンパ球 15~30
単球 13~21
巨核球(骨髄巨核球) 35~160
血小板 2~4


  • 赤血球:120日
  • 好中球:6-8時間
  • 血小板:10日
  • 形質細胞:1-3日
  • メモリー細胞:数年


赤血球 単球 好酸球 好中球 好塩基球 リンパ球
大きさ 7~8μm 12~20μm 10~15μm 10~13μm 9~12μm 7~15μm
赤血球と比べた大きさ ------ かなり大きい 2倍以上 約2倍 2倍弱 小リンパ球は同じ程度
細胞質   アズール顆粒。
橙赤色の粗大円形顆粒 暗紫色に染まる微細な顆粒
赤紫色の大小不同の顆粒 狭く淡い青色
  くびれ有り 2葉、眼鏡型 桿状好中球
格の上にも顆粒あり 球形

  • 核小体

  • クロマチン

  • 細胞質

  • 顆粒

red blood cells」

  [★] 赤血球 erythrocytes


  [★] 細胞

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「small room in which a monk or nun lives」

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「a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction」
electric cell

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「a room where a prisoner is kept」
jail cell, prison cell

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「(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals」

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「any small compartment; "the cells of a honeycomb"」

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「a small unit serving as part of or as the nucleus of a larger political movement」

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「(刑務所の)『独房』;(修道院の)小さい独居室 / (ミツバチの)みつ房,巣穴 / 小さい部屋 / 『細胞』 / 電池 / 花粉室 / (共産党などの)細胞」


  [★] 血液

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「smear with blood, as in a hunting initiation rite, where the face of a person is smeared with the blood of the kill」

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「temperament or disposition; "a person of hot blood"」

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「people viewed as members of a group; "we need more young blood in this organization"」

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「the fluid (red in vertebrates) that is pumped through the body by the heart and contains plasma, blood cells, and platelets; "blood carries oxygen and nutrients to the tissues and carries away waste products"; "the ancients believed that blood was the sea」

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「『血』,『血』液 / 流血(bloodshed);殺人 / 気質,気性,血気,血潮 / 『血統』,血縁(kinship);生まれ,家柄;《the~》王家の血統 / (人種・出身国の)系 / 〈人〉‘に'初めての経験をさせる / 〈猟犬〉‘に'初めて獲物を血を味わわせる」



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「純血の,純種の / 《複合語を作って》「…の血(性質)を持った」の意を表す」