出典: meddic


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「examination of tissues or liquids from the living body to determine the existence or cause of a disease」

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2016/10/09 03:02:30」(JST)

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  • Runtime and aPTT predict venous thrombosis and thromboembolism in patients on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: a retrospective analysis.
  • Trudzinski FC1, Minko P2, Rapp D3, Fähndrich S1, Haake H4, Haab M5, Bohle RM5, Flaig M1, Kaestner F1, Bals R1, Wilkens H1, Muellenbach RM6, Link A7, Groesdonk HV8, Lensch C1, Langer F9, Lepper PM10.
  • Annals of intensive care.Ann Intensive Care.2016 Dec;6(1):66. doi: 10.1186/s13613-016-0172-2. Epub 2016 Jul 19.
  • BACKGROUND: Even though bleeding and thromboembolic events are major complications of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), data on the incidence of venous thrombosis (VT) and thromboembolism (VTE) under ECMO are scarce. This study analyzes the incidence and predictors of VTE in patients treat
  • PMID 27432243
  • Reactive oxygen species in organ-specific autoimmunity.
  • Di Dalmazi G1,2, Hirshberg J3, Lyle D3, Freij JB4, Caturegli P5,6.
  • Auto- immunity highlights.Auto Immun Highlights.2016 Dec;7(1):11. doi: 10.1007/s13317-016-0083-0. Epub 2016 Aug 4.
  • Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been extensively studied in the induction of inflammation and tissue damage, especially as it relates to aging. In more recent years, ROS have been implicated in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. Here, ROS accumulation leads to apoptosis and autoantigen stru
  • PMID 27491295
  • The ANA-reflex test as a model for improving clinical appropriateness in autoimmune diagnostics.
  • Tonutti E1, Bizzaro N2, Morozzi G3, Radice A4, Cinquanta L5, Villalta D6, Tozzoli R7, Tampoia M8, Porcelli B9, Fabris M10, Brusca I11, Alessio MG12, Barberio G13, Sorrentino MC14, Antico A15, Bassetti D16, Fontana DE17, Imbastaro T18, Visentini D10, Pesce G19, Bagnasco M19; Study Group on Autoimmune Diseases of the Italian Society of Clinical Pathology and Laboratory Medicine.
  • Auto- immunity highlights.Auto Immun Highlights.2016 Dec;7(1):9. doi: 10.1007/s13317-016-0080-3. Epub 2016 Jul 16.
  • Reflex tests are widely used in clinical laboratories, for example, to diagnose thyroid disorders or in the follow-up of prostate cancer. Reflex tests for antinuclear antibodies (ANA) have recently gained attention as a way to improve appropriateness in the immunological diagnosis of autoimmune rheu
  • PMID 27423928


  • 鰓原性癌例
  • 木村 俊哉,曾我美 遼,水越 彬文,大野 恒久,玉木 久信
  • 耳鼻咽喉科臨床 107(1), 59-63, 2014
  • … We resected the tumor under general anesthesia for biopsy. …
  • NAID 130003386115
  • 喉頭癌の腹腔内転移が疑われた悪性リンパ腫例
  • 森 健一,大西 将美,髙橋 洋城,坂井田 譲
  • 耳鼻咽喉科臨床 107(1), 37-42, 2014
  • … The patient underwent laparotomy, and investigation of the biopsy revealed an intraperitoneal tumor. …
  • NAID 130003386110
  • 中咽頭に発生した血管周皮細胞腫例
  • 山口 仁平,金子 賢一,髙橋 晴雄 [他],木下 直江
  • 耳鼻咽喉科臨床 107(1), 31-36, 2014
  • … Preoperative biopsy of the tumor was insufficient because the tumor had high vascularity. …
  • NAID 130003386109


biopsyとは。意味や和訳。[名]《医学》1 バイオプシー,生検(法):生体から組織片を採取して調べること.2 生検によって得られた試料. [動](他)〈生きた組織を〉採取する;…に生検を行う. - goo英和辞書は14万項目以上を収録し、発音 ...
My biopsy involved what can only be described as medieval instruments of torture. If the result is four nanograms per millilitre or above, doctors often recommend a biopsy. Days later, a biopsy revealed a fast-growing cancer in her ...


Illustration of a bone marrow biopsybiopsybiopsy needlesFIGURE 2.Tissue Punch BiopsyNucleus factsheet image

リンク元生検」「cytodiagnosis」「cytological examination」「cytological diagnosis」「バイオプシー
拡張検索lymph node biopsy」「fine-needle aspiration biopsy



バイオプシー診査切除術 exploratory excision試験切除術

  • 管腔臓器に対しては内視鏡を用いて鉗子で病変を採取
  • 体内臓器を穿刺する。肝、腎、前立腺



  • リンパ節腫脹:感染によるリンパ節腫脹は自然消退しうるので一ヶ月以上経過観察してから。


  • 悪性黒色腫:転移しやすいため
  • 精巣腫瘍:血行転移のおそれ   →  ゆえに精巣腫瘍を否定できない陰嚢腫脹に対しては診断を兼ねた高位精巣摘除が標準的治療



biopsycytological diagnosiscytological examinationcytology

cytological examination」


biopsycytodiagnosiscytological diagnosiscytology

cytological diagnosis」


biopsycytodiagnosiscytological examinationcytology




lymph node biopsy」


sentinel lymph node biopsy

fine-needle aspiration biopsy」

  [★] 穿刺吸引細胞診 FNA

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