arthropod-borne viruses

出典: meddic

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  • The tortoise or the hare? Impacts of within-host dynamics on transmission success of arthropod-borne viruses.
  • Althouse BM1, Hanley KA2.
  • Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences.Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci.2015 Aug 19;370(1675). pii: 20140299. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2014.0299.
  • Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) are maintained in a cycle of alternating transmission between vertebrate hosts and arthropod vectors. Arboviruses possess RNA genomes capable of rapid diversification and adaptation, and the between-host trade-offs inherent to host alternation impose well-docume
  • PMID 26150665
  • Chikungunya: Evolutionary history and recent epidemic spread.
  • Weaver SC1, Forrester NL2.
  • Antiviral research.Antiviral Res.2015 Aug;120:32-9. doi: 10.1016/j.antiviral.2015.04.016. Epub 2015 May 12.
  • Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) has a long history of emergence into urban transmission cycles from its ancestral, enzootic, sylvatic foci in Sub-Saharan Africa, most recently spreading to the Americas beginning in 2013. Since 2004, reemergence has resulted in millions of cases of severe, debilitating and
  • PMID 25979669
  • Serosurvey of Schmallenberg Virus Infections in Sheep and Goat Flocks in Lower Saxony, Germany.
  • Helmer C1, Eibach R1, Tegtmeyer PC1, Humann-Ziehank E1, Runge M2, Ganter M1.
  • Transboundary and emerging diseases.Transbound Emerg Dis.2015 Aug;62(4):425-36. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12161. Epub 2013 Oct 1.
  • Schmallenberg virus (SBV) infections can cause congenital musculoskeletal and vertebral malformations as well as neurological failures in foetuses of several ruminant species if susceptible mother animals were infected during early gestation. Blood samples gained from 17 goat and 64 sheep flocks in
  • PMID 24119450


Arbovirus is a term used to refer to a group of viruses that are transmitted by arthropod vectors. The word arbovirus is an acronym (ARthropod-BOrne viruses). Some arboviruses are able to cause emergent disease.
arbovirus /ar·bo·vi·rus/ (ahr´bo-vi″rus) any of a group of viruses, including the causative agents of yellow fever, viral encephalitides, and certain febrile infections, transmitted to humans by various mosquitoes and ticks; those transmitted by ...





  [★] ウイルス

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「a harmful or corrupting agency; "bigotry is a virus that must not be allowed to spread"; "the virus of jealousy is latent in everyone"」

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「(virology) ultramicroscopic infectious agent that replicates itself only within cells of living hosts; many are pathogenic; a piece of nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) wrapped in a thin coat of protein」

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「a software program capable of reproducing itself and usually capable of causing great harm to files or other programs on the same computer; "a true virus cannot spread to another computer without human assistance"」
computer virus

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「brought into existence; "he was a child born of adultery"」

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「bear〈他〉1の過去分詞(受動態にのみ用いる) / 《名詞の前にのみ用いて》『生まれながらの』,先天的な(innate) / 『生まれた』;生じた」



come from, derive, descend, stem


  • ~によって運ばれる、伝えられる
  • ex.
  • water-borne:水媒介性の
  • blood-borne:血液由来の
  • air-borne infection,airborne infection :空気感染

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  [★] 節足動物

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「invertebrate having jointed limbs and a segmented body with an exoskeleton made of chitin」

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