abundance

出典: meddic

  • n.
abundantabundantlyaffluentamplebulkcopiouslarge amountlarge doselarge scalemassivemassivelyplentifulprofuserichrichly

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「the property of a more than adequate quantity or supply; "an age of abundance"」
copiousness, teemingness

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「(chemistry) the ratio of the total mass of an element in the earth''s crust to the total mass of the earth''s crust; expressed as a percentage or in parts per million」

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「(physics) the ratio of the number of atoms of a specific isotope of an element to the total number of isotopes present」

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「(あり余るほど)『たくさん』,『豊富』;《an~》たくさん(の…)《+『of』+『名』》」

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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2014/08/27 12:54:47」(JST)

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英文文献

  • Distribution of aliphatic hydrocarbons, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and organochlorinated pollutants in deep-sea sediments of the southern Cretan margin, eastern Mediterranean Sea: A baseline assessment.
  • Mandalakis M1, Polymenakou PN2, Tselepides A3, Lampadariou N4.Author information 1Institute of Marine Biology, Biotechnology and Aquaculture, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Gournes Pediados, P.O. Box 2214, GR-71003 Heraklion, Greece. Electronic address: mandalakis@hcmr.gr.2Institute of Marine Biology, Biotechnology and Aquaculture, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Gournes Pediados, P.O. Box 2214, GR-71003 Heraklion, Greece.3Department of Maritime Studies, University of Piraeus, GR-18532 Piraeus, Greece.4Institute of Oceanography, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Gournes Pediados, P.O. Box 2214, GR-71003 Heraklion, Greece.AbstractDeep sediments from the southern Cretan margin were analyzed to establish baseline levels for various types of organic pollutants before the anticipated intensification of anthropogenic activities. The total concentration of aliphatic hydrocarbons (ΣAH:326-3758ngg(-1), dry weight) was similar to those reported for deep sediments of the western Mediterranean Sea, while considerably lower levels were measured for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (ΣPAH:9-60ngg(-1)). Source-diagnostic ratios suggested that the aliphatic hydrocarbons in sediments were mainly of terrestrial biogenic origin, while polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons stemmed from the deposition of long-range transported combustion aerosols. Among the organochlorinated compounds analyzed, β-hexachlorocyclohexane (β-HCH:222-7052pgg(-1)), 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl)ethane (p,p'-DDT:37-2236pgg(-1)) and polychlorinated biphenyls (ΣPCB:38-1182pgg(-1)) showed the highest abundance in sediments. The presence of HCHs and PCBs was attributed to historical inputs that have undergone extensive weathering, whereas an ongoing fresh input was suggested for p,p'-DDT. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that the levels of the various pollutants in sediments were controlled by different factors, but with organic carbon content playing a prominent role in most cases.
  • Chemosphere.Chemosphere.2014 Jul;106:28-35. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.12.081. Epub 2014 Jan 18.
  • Deep sediments from the southern Cretan margin were analyzed to establish baseline levels for various types of organic pollutants before the anticipated intensification of anthropogenic activities. The total concentration of aliphatic hydrocarbons (ΣAH:326-3758ngg(-1), dry weight) was similar to th
  • PMID 24447909
  • Tissue-specific molecular immune response to lipopolysaccharide challenge in emaciated anadromous Arctic charr.
  • Philip AM1, Jørgensen EH2, Maule AG3, Vijayan MM4.Author information 1Department of Biology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada.2Department of Arctic and Marine Biology, University of Tromsø, N-9037 Tromsø, Norway.3USGS-BRD, Western Fisheries Research Center, Columbia River Research Laboratory, Cook, WA 98605, USA.4Department of Biology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada. Electronic address: matt.vijayan@ucalgary.ca.AbstractAnadromous Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) undergo voluntary winter fasting for months in the Arctic. We tested the hypothesis that extended fasting will compromise the ability of this species to evoke an immune response. Charr were either fed or fasted for 85days and challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and the molecular immune response in the liver and spleen assessed at 8 and 96h post-injection. LPS increased IL-1β, IL-8, and serum amyloid protein A (SAA) mRNA levels in both groups, but the liver IL-1β and IL-8, and spleen IL-8 responses were reduced in the fasted group. Fasting upregulated SOCS-1 and SOCS-2 mRNA abundance, while LPS stimulated SOCS-3 mRNA abundance and this response was higher in the fasted liver. Collectively, extended fasting and emaciation does not curtail the capacity of charr to evoke an immune response, whereas upregulation of SOCS may be a key adaptation to conserve energy by restricting the inflammatory response.
  • Developmental and comparative immunology.Dev Comp Immunol.2014 Jul;45(1):133-40. doi: 10.1016/j.dci.2014.02.012. Epub 2014 Mar 2.
  • Anadromous Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) undergo voluntary winter fasting for months in the Arctic. We tested the hypothesis that extended fasting will compromise the ability of this species to evoke an immune response. Charr were either fed or fasted for 85days and challenged with lipopolysacch
  • PMID 24594135
  • ERK5 Pathway Regulates Transcription Factors Important for Monocytic Differentiation of Human Myeloid Leukemia Cells.
  • Wang X1, Pesakhov S, Harrison JS, Danilenko M, Studzinski GP.Author information 1Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences, Newark, New Jersey.AbstractMitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are important transducers of external signals for cell growth, survival, and other cellular responses including cell differentiation. Several MAPK cascades are known with the MEK1/2-ERK1/2, JNK, and p38MAPKs receiving most attention, but the role of MEK5-ERK5 in intracellular signaling deserves more scrutiny, as this pathway transmits signals that can complement ERK/2 signaling. We hypothesized that the ERK5 pathway plays a role in the control of monocytic differentiation, which is disturbed in myeloid leukemia. We therefore examined the cellular phenotype and key molecular events which occur when human myeloid leukemia cells, acute (AML) or chronic (CML), are forced to differentiate by vitamin D derivatives (VDDs). This study was performed using established cell lines HL60 and U937, and primary cultures of blasts from 10 patients with ML. We found that ERK5 and its direct downstream target transcription factor MEF2C are upregulated by 1,25D in parallel with monocytic differentiation. Further, inhibition of ERK5 activity by specific pharmacological agents BIX02189 and XMD8-92 alters the phenotype of these cells by reducing the abundance of the VDD-induced surface monocytic marker CD14, and concomitantly increasing surface expression of the general myeloid marker CD11b. Similar results were obtained when the expression of ERK5 was reduced by siRNA or short hairpin (sh) RNA. ERK5 inhibition resulted in an expected decrease in MEF2C activation. We also found that in AML cells the transcription factor C/EBPβ is positively regulated, while C/EBPα is negatively regulated by ERK5. These findings provide new understanding of dysregulated differentiation in human myeloid leukemia. J. Cell. Physiol. 229: 856-867, 2014. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • Journal of cellular physiology.J Cell Physiol.2014 Jul;229(7):856-67. doi: 10.1002/jcp.24513.
  • Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are important transducers of external signals for cell growth, survival, and other cellular responses including cell differentiation. Several MAPK cascades are known with the MEK1/2-ERK1/2, JNK, and p38MAPKs receiving most attention, but the role of MEK5-ERK
  • PMID 24264602
  • State-based metacognition: How time of day affects the accuracy of metamemory.
  • Hourihan KL1, Benjamin AS.Author information 1a Department of Psychology , Memorial University of Newfoundland , St John's , NL , Canada.AbstractAlthough there is an abundance of research on how stimulus characteristics and encoding conditions affect metamemory, and how those effects either do or do not mirror effects on memory, there is little research on whether and how characteristics of participants' states-like mood, fatigue, or hunger-affect metamemory. The present study examined whether metamemory ability fluctuates with time of day. Specifically, we evaluated whether learners can successfully account for the effects of time of day on their memory, and whether metacognitive monitoring is more accurate at an individual's optimal time of day. Young adults studied and recalled lists of words in both the morning and the afternoon, providing various metamemory judgements during each test session. We replicated the finding that young participants recalled more words in the afternoon than in the morning. Prior to study, participants did not predict superior recall in the afternoon, but they did after they had an opportunity to study the list (but before the test on that material). We also found that item-by-item predictions were more accurate in the afternoon, suggesting that self-regulated learning might benefit from being scheduled during times of day that accord with individuals' peak arousal.
  • Memory (Hove, England).Memory.2014 Jul;22(5):553-8. doi: 10.1080/09658211.2013.804091. Epub 2013 Jun 6.
  • Although there is an abundance of research on how stimulus characteristics and encoding conditions affect metamemory, and how those effects either do or do not mirror effects on memory, there is little research on whether and how characteristics of participants' states-like mood, fatigue, or hunger-
  • PMID 23742008

和文文献

  • Abundance and Community Structure of Bacteria on Asian Dust Particles Collected in Beijing, China, during the Asian Dust Season
  • Analysis of Particle Size Distributions of Quantum Dots: From Theory to Application
  • Associational effects against a leaf beetle mediate a minority advantage in defense and growth between hairy and glabrous plants
  • 移入河川におけるオイカワの豊富さと藻食に対するアユの影響

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abundanceとは。意味や和訳。[名]1 [U]多量,多数,豊富,充満(⇔scarcity);((an ~))多量[多数](の…)((of ...)). ⇒PLENTYmoney in abundance多額の金a year of abundance豊年He has an abundance of self-confidence.彼は ...

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★リンクテーブル★
リンク元rich」「massive」「ample」「bulk」「affluent
拡張検索overabundance」「superabundance」「protein abundance

rich」

  [★]

  • adj.
aboundabundanceabundantabundantlyaffluentampleplentifulrichly

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「very productive; "rich seams of coal"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「『金持ちの』,『富んだ』,豊かな / 《名詞的に》《the~;複数扱い》金持ちの人たち / (衣服・宝石・家具などが)高価でみごとな,ぜいたくな / (想像力などが)豊かな;(土地が)肥えた / (音・声が)豊かな,深みのある;(色が)濃い,あざやかな;(料理・酒の問が)濃くておいしい;(香りが)強い / 濃度が高い;(特に食物の)栄養価が高い,(油・卵・バターなどを多く含んで)濃厚な / 《話》非常におもしろい,こっけいな;《反晴的に》とんでもない,ばかげた」

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「containing plenty of fat, or eggs, or sugar; "rich desserts"; "they kept gorging on rich foods"」

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「having an abundant supply of desirable qualities or substances (especially natural resources); "blessed with a land rich in minerals"; "rich in ideas"; "rich with cultural interest"」

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「high in mineral content; having a high proportion of fuel to air; "a rich vein of copper", "a rich gas mixture"」

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「of great worth or quality; "a rich collection of antiques"」

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「pleasantly full and mellow; "a rich tenor voice"」

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「possessing material wealth; "her father is extremely rich"; "many fond hopes are pinned on rich uncles"」

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「suggestive of or characterized by great expense; "a rich display"」


massive」

  [★]

  • adj.
  • (病気が)組織の広範囲に及ぶ、重症の、広範囲の
  • 巨大な、大量の、大規模の。(程度が)はなただしい
  • 大きく見える、がっしりとした。


abundanceabundantabundantlyagglomerativeaggregatedbulkcopiousgreathigh-potencyhigh-powerintensiveintensivelylargelarge amountlarge doselarge scalemassivelypotentpotentiallypotentlypowerfulpowerfullyprofusesizablewide rangewide-ranging

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「imposing in scale or scope or degree or power; "massive retaliatory power"; "a massive increase in oil prices"; "massive changes"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「『大きくて重い』,どっしりした;大規模な / (容ぼう,特に頭が)がっちりした / (精神などが)しっかりした,堂々とした / (投薬量が)定量以上の」

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「imposing in size or bulk or solidity; "massive oak doors"; "Moore''s massive sculptures"; "the monolithic proportions of Stalinist architecture"; "a monumental scale"」
monolithic, monumental

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「being the same substance throughout; "massive silver"」

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「consisting of great mass; containing a great quantity of matter; "Earth is the most massive of the terrestrial planets"」

ample」

  [★]

  • adj.
abundanceabundantabundantlyadequateadequatelyaffluentenoughfullfullyplentifulrichrichlysatisfactorilysufficientsufficiently

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「more than enough in size or scope or capacity; "had ample food for the party"; "an ample supply"」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「広い,広々とした / 《数えられない名詞・複数名詞の前に用いて》『十分な』(enough),あり余るほどたくさんの(abundant) / ふくよかな,豊満な(full)」

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「affording an abundant supply; "had ample food for the party"; "copious provisions"; "food is plentiful"; "a plenteous grape harvest"; "a rich supply"」
copious, plenteous, plentiful, rich

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「fairly large; "a sizable fortune"; "an ample waistline"; "of ample proportions"」
sizable, sizeable


bulk」

  [★]

  • n.
a large fraction ofabundanceabundantabundantlycopiousdrug substancelarge amountlarge doselarge proportionlarge scalemajoritymassivemassivelyprofusetechnical productvolume

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「stick out or up; "The parcel bulked in the sack"」

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「the property of something that is great in magnitude; "it is cheaper to buy it in bulk"; "he received a mass of correspondence"; "the volume of exports"」
mass, volume

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「the property possessed by a large mass」

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「『かさばっていること』 / 《the bulk》(…の)大部分,大半《+『of』+『名』》 / ばら荷;(船の)積み荷 / かさばる,大きく見える」


affluent」

  [★]

  • adj.
abundanceabundantabundantlyampleplentifulrichrichly

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「an affluent person; a person who is financially well off; "the so-called emerging affluents"」

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「having an abundant supply of money or possessions of value; "an affluent banker"; "a speculator flush with cash"; "not merely rich but loaded"; "moneyed aristocrats"; "wealthy corporations"」
flush, loaded, moneyed, wealthy

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「(物質的に)裕福な / (思考・言葉などが)豊富な,たくさんの;(…が)豊富な《+『in』+『名』》 / (川の)支流」


overabundance」

  [★]

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「a quantity that is more than what is appropriate; "four-year-olds have an overabundance of energy"; "we received an inundation of email"」
overmuch, overmuchness, superabundance

superabundance」

  [★]

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「(物・愛情などの)過多,過剰《+『of』+『名』》」

protein abundance」

  [★]




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