TPN

出典: meddic

完全静脈栄養完全非経口栄養法中心静脈栄養法高カロリー輸液

parenteral nutritiontotal parenteral nutrition


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出典(authority):フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』「2012/12/29 14:33:57」(JST)

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英文文献

  • Working memory-related changes in functional connectivity persist beyond task disengagement.
  • Gordon EM1, Breeden AL, Bean SE, Vaidya CJ.Author information 1Interdisciplinary Program in Neuroscience, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC.AbstractWe examined whether altered connectivity in functional networks during working memory performance persists following conclusion of that performance, into a subsequent resting state. We conducted functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in 50 young adults during an initial resting state, followed by an N-back working memory task and a subsequent resting state, in order to examine changes in functional connectivity within and between the default-mode network (DMN) and the task-positive network (TPN) across the three states. We found that alterations in connectivity observed during the N-back task persisted into the subsequent resting state within the TPN and between the DMN and TPN, but not within the DMN. Further, both speed of working memory performance and TPN connectivity strength during the N-back task predicted connectivity strength in the subsequent resting state. Finally, DMN connectivity measured before and during the N-back task predicted individual differences in self-reported inattentiveness, but this association was not found during the post-task resting state. Together, these findings have important implications for models of how the brain recovers following effortful cognition, as well as for experimental designs using resting and task scans. Hum Brain Mapp 35:1004-1017, 2014. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • Human brain mapping.Hum Brain Mapp.2014 Mar;35(3):1004-17. doi: 10.1002/hbm.22230. Epub 2012 Dec 26.
  • We examined whether altered connectivity in functional networks during working memory performance persists following conclusion of that performance, into a subsequent resting state. We conducted functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in 50 young adults during an initial resting state, followed
  • PMID 23281202
  • New generation lipid emulsions prevent PNALD in chronic parenterally fed preterm pigs.
  • Vlaardingerbroek H1, Ng K, Stoll B, Benight N, Chacko S, Kluijtmans LA, Kulik W, Squires EJ, Olutoye O, Schady D, Finegold ML, van Goudoever JB, Burrin DG.Author information 1Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Erasmus MC - Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.AbstractTotal parenteral nutrition (TPN) is associated with the development of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD) in infants. Fish oil-based lipid emulsions can reverse PNALD, yet it is unknown if they can prevent PNALD. We studied preterm pigs administered TPN for 14 days with either 100% soybean oil (IL), 100% fish oil (OV), or a mixture of soybean oil, medium chain triglycerides (MCTs), olive oil, and fish oil (SL); a group was fed formula enterally (ENT). In TPN-fed pigs, serum direct bilirubin, gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT), and plasma bile acids increased after the 14 day treatment but were highest in IL pigs. All TPN pigs had suppressed hepatic expression of farnesoid X receptor (FXR), cholesterol 7-hydroxylase (CYP7A1), and plasma 7α-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one (C4) concentrations, yet hepatic CYP7A1 protein abundance was increased only in the IL versus ENT group. Organic solute transporter alpha (OSTα) gene expression was the highest in the IL group and paralleled plasma bile acid levels. In cultured hepatocytes, bile acid-induced bile salt export pump (BSEP) expression was inhibited by phytosterol treatment. We show that TPN-fed pigs given soybean oil developed cholestasis and steatosis that was prevented with both OV and SL emulsions. Due to the presence of phytosterols in the SL emulsion, the differences in cholestasis and liver injury among lipid emulsion groups in vivo were weakly correlated with plasma and hepatic phytosterol content.
  • Journal of lipid research.J Lipid Res.2014 Mar;55(3):466-77. doi: 10.1194/jlr.M044545. Epub 2014 Jan 29.
  • Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) is associated with the development of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD) in infants. Fish oil-based lipid emulsions can reverse PNALD, yet it is unknown if they can prevent PNALD. We studied preterm pigs administered TPN for 14 days with either 100
  • PMID 24478031
  • Linear Growth and Circulating Insulin-like Growth Factor-I in Children With Tufting Enteropathy Receiving Long-term TPN: Retraction.
  • [No authors listed]
  • Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition.J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr.2014 Mar;58(3):391. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000000341.
  • PMID 24553474

和文文献

  • 微量元素・ビタミン (特集 高齢者の静脈栄養法 : プラスαの輸液力を磨く!)
  • 月刊薬事 = The pharmaceuticals monthly 57(9), 1463-1469, 2015-08
  • NAID 40020555050
  • 高齢者の静脈栄養法に対峙する (特集 高齢者の静脈栄養法 : プラスαの輸液力を磨く!)
  • 月刊薬事 = The pharmaceuticals monthly 57(9), 1425-1431, 2015-08
  • NAID 40020555010
  • こちらNICUファーマシー : 病棟薬剤師がやさしく教えるくすりのはなし(第24回・最終回)TPN (total parenteral nutrition)

関連リンク

1.中心静脈栄養法(TPN)と適応 中心静脈栄養法は確実に高カロリーが投与できる非常に有用な栄養法である。しかし、血管内にカテーテルを留置していることと、投与された物質が瞬時に全身に回ることから、経腸栄養法と比べて ...
TPN(total parenteral nutrition)とは、完全静脈栄養、完全非経口栄養法のこと。 カロリーのみならず、すべての栄養を大静脈に挿入したカテーテルから補給する処置のこと。 高カロ

関連画像

Reva's There it is. TPN= Total Parenteral More TPNDescription Tpn 3bag.jpgIV, TPN,and other equipmentTPN - the yellow stuff)


★リンクテーブル★
先読み高カロリー輸液」「parenteral nutrition
リンク元経管栄養」「中心静脈栄養法」「静脈栄養」「ニコチンアミドアデニンジヌクレオチドリン酸」「完全非経口栄養法
関連記事T」「TP

高カロリー輸液」

  [★]

high-calorie infusion, total parenteral nutrition
中心静脈栄養法



parenteral nutrition」

  [★] 非経腸栄養法PN


経管栄養」

  [★]

gavagetube feeding、tubal feeding
経管栄養法(方法)
胃管栄養法経腸栄養経腸栄養法胃管栄養enteral nutrition栄養法

概念

  • 狭義には経口摂取が不可能あるいは不十分な患者に対し、体外から消化管内に通したチューブを用いて流動食を投与する処置(経腸栄養)を指すが、広義には静脈栄養を含めることがある。すなわち、経腸栄養静脈栄養を指す (参考1)

適応

YN.N-18
  • 慢性疾患による全身衰弱
  • 意識障害
  • 上部消化管手術後
  • 外傷、熱傷

分類

SSUR.239 YN.N-19

注入栄養剤

SSUR.239

投与法法

  • 下痢や満腹などの症状が出ることがある (SSUR.239)。下痢は開始から3-4日後に発生しやすい(YN.N-19)
→開始当初は低濃度都市、次第に濃度・投与速度をあげ維持濃度にする (SSUR.239)

参考

  • 1. wiki ja
  • [display]http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E7%B5%8C%E7%AE%A1%E6%A0%84%E9%A4%8A



中心静脈栄養法」

  [★]

total parenteral nutrition TPN
全非経腸栄養法高カロリー輸液 hyperalimentationintravenous hyperalimentation IVH → なんか使わない方が良いんだそうだ・・・?
経静脈栄養法
  • グルコース濃度10%以上の輸液を行う場合


静脈栄養」

  [★]

parenteral nutrition, PN
経静脈栄養法静脈栄養法
非経腸栄養法

静脈栄養



ニコチンアミドアデニンジヌクレオチドリン酸」

  [★]

nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate NADP
NADP+トリホスホピリジンヌクレオチド triphosphopyridine nucleotide TPN
NADPH



完全非経口栄養法」

  [★]

total parenteral nutritionTPN
中心静脈栄養法完全静脈栄養高カロリー輸液非経口完全栄養


T」

  [★]


WordNet   license wordnet

「the 20th letter of the Roman alphabet」
t

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「tritiumの化学記号」


TP」

  [★]

"http://meddic.jp/TPN" より作成


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