Pneumocystis jirovecii infection

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  • Legionella pneumophila and Pneumocystis jirovecii Coinfection in an Infant Treated With Adrenocorticotropic Hormone for Infantile Spasm: Case Report and Literature Review.
  • Musallam N, Bamberger E, Srugo I, Dabbah H, Glikman D, Zonis Z, Kessel A, Genizi J.Source1Pediatric Department, Bnai Zion Medical Center, Haifa, Israel.
  • Journal of child neurology.J Child Neurol.2013 Dec 5. [Epub ahead of print]
  • We describe an 8-month-old infant with infantile spasms treated with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) who presented with fatal Legionella pneumophila and Pneumocystis jirovecii infection. Emphasis is placed on the ensuing immunosuppression and infectious sequelae of ACTH therapy. Given that ACTH t
  • PMID 24309244
  • [Pneumocystis: Epidemiology and molecular approaches].
  • Jarboui MA, Mseddi F, Sellami H, Sellami A, Makni F, Ayadi A.SourceLaboratoire de biologie moléculaire parasitaire et fongique, faculté de médecine, université de Sfax, rue de Magida Boulila, 3029 Sfax, Tunisie. Electronic address:
  • Pathologie-biologie.Pathol Biol (Paris).2013 Dec;61(6):239-44. doi: 10.1016/j.patbio.2013.05.001. Epub 2013 Jul 9.
  • Pneumocystosis is a common opportunistic infection in immunocompromised patients, especially in AIDS patients. The diagnosis of this pneumonia has presented several difficulties due to the low sensitivity of conventional staining methods and the absence of culture system for Pneumocystis. The molecu
  • PMID 23849772
  • Ambient Air Pollution Associated with Suppressed Serologic Responses to Pneumocystis jirovecii in a Prospective Cohort of HIV-Infected Patients with Pneumocystis Pneumonia.
  • Blount RJ, Djawe K, Daly KR, Jarlsberg LG, Fong S, Balmes J, Miller RF, Walzer PD, Huang L; International HIV-associated Opportunistic Pneumonias (IHOP) Study.SourceDivision of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America.
  • PloS one.PLoS One.2013 Nov 13;8(11):e80795. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080795.
  • BACKGROUND: Ambient air pollution (AAP) may be associated with increased risk for Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP). The mechanisms underlying this association remain uncertain.OBJECTIVES: To determine if real-life exposures to AAP are associated with suppressed IgM antibody responses to P. jirovecii in
  • PMID 24236202


  • Kinetics of Serum β-D-Glucan after Pneumocystis Pneumonia Treatment in Patients with AIDS
  • Koga Michiko,Koibuchi Tomohiko,Kikuchi Tadashi,Nakamura Hitomi,Miura Toshiyuki,Iwamoto Aikichi,Fujii Takeshi
  • Internal Medicine 50(13), 1397-1401, 2011
  • … Conclusion The serum β-D-glucan level does not reflect the severity and prognosis of PCP infection, and thus it may not be suitable for monitoring the response to treatment. …
  • NAID 130000770515
  • Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia and Alveolar Hemorrhage in a Pregnant Woman with Human T Cell Lymphotropic Virus Type-1 Infection
  • Tamaki Yuichiro,Higa Futoshi,Tasato Daisuke,Nakamura Hideta,Uechi Kayoko,Tamayose Maki,Haranaga Shusaku,Yara Satomi,Tateyama Masao,Fujita Jiro
  • Internal Medicine 50(4), 351-354, 2011
  • Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) is a rare disease but may occur in pregnant immune-suppressed women. …
  • NAID 130000413122


The risk of pneumonia due to Pneumocystis jirovecii increases when CD4 positive cell levels are less than 200 cells/μl. In these immunosuppressed individuals the manifestations of the infection are highly variable. The disease attacks the ...


Fig9: Pneumocystis jirovecii infection. CT Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia Image of Pneumocystis jirovecii InfectionCandidiasis and Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumocystis jirovecii 감염증  ] Wikipedia – Pneumocystis pneumonia

リンク元Pneumocystis jirovecii感染症
関連記事infection」「Pneumocystis jirovecii」「Pneumocystis



pneumocystis pneumonia, pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia pneumocystis jirovecn pneumonia
カリニ肺炎 carinii pneumoniaPneumocystis肺炎
ニューモシスチス・カリニ肺炎 pneumocystis carinii pneumonia PCPニューモシスチス・カリニ肺炎ニューモシステイスカリニ肺炎
ニューモシスチス症 pneumocystosis



  • CD4+リンパ球が200/μ以下の患者に発生する
  • 剖検例で悪性リンパ腫の1/4、成人T細胞白血病の1/10、全身性エリテマトーデスの1/20 に認められる。
  • AIDSに高率に合併。



  • 別の易感染性の原因を有するグルココルチコイド投与患者
  • 他の免疫抑制薬


  • 乾性咳嗽、発熱、呼吸困難


  • 末梢血液検査:リンパ球数減少。
  • 胸部X線検査:肺門から両肺野にかけて微細な網状から索状影を認め、徐々にすりガラス様陰影となる。
  • 呼吸機能検査:PaO2 が基準値の 1/2~1/3 に低下。PaCO2 は上昇することもある。
  • (USMLE:first aid step1 2006 p.147)
  • diagnosed by lung biopsy or lavage
  • identified by methenamine silver stain of lung tissue


  • 両側性に肺門から末梢に拡がる間質性陰影



  • 無治療の場合、ほぼ死亡
  • HIV患者よりも非HIV患者の方が致死率が高い。


Pneumocystis jirovecii感染症」


Pneumocystis jirovecii infection



  • n.
contagioninfectinfectious diseaseinfestationtransmissiontransmit

WordNet   license wordnet

「(medicine) the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms and their multiplication which can lead to tissue damage and disease」

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「(phonetics) the alteration of a speech sound under the influence of a neighboring sound」

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「the pathological state resulting from the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms」

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「(international law) illegality that taints or contaminates a ship or cargo rendering it liable to seizure」

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「moral corruption or contamination; "ambitious men are led astray by an infection that is almost unavoidable"」

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「an incident in which an infectious disease is transmitted」
contagion, transmission

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「〈U〉(病気の)伝染;感染 / 〈C〉伝染病」

Pneumocystis jirovecii」


Pneumocystis jirovecii, Pneumocystis jiroveci?
Pneumocystis carinii

  • first aid step1 2006 p.147



  • びまん性の間質性肺炎を引き起こす
  • 感染経路は空気感染


  • 真菌の写真 - Fungal Images


  [★] ニューモシスチス属