Cyprinus

出典: meddic

コイ属カプリナス属Cyprinus属

BarbuscarpCyprinidaeCypriniformesCyprinus carpioloachminnowroachRutilus rutilus

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「type genus of the family Cyprinidae: carp」
genus Cyprinus

英文文献

  • Effects of atrazine and chlorpyrifos on cytochrome P450 in common carp liver.
  • Xing H1, Zhang Z2, Yao H2, Liu T2, Wang L2, Xu S3, Li S4.Author information 1College of Animal Science and Technology, Northeast Agricultural University, 59 Mucai Street, Harbin 150030, PR China; Animal Health Supervision Institute of Heilongjiang Province, 243 Haping Road, Xiangfang District, Harbin 150069, PR China.2College of Animal Science and Technology, Northeast Agricultural University, 59 Mucai Street, Harbin 150030, PR China.3College of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, 59 Mucai Street, Harbin 150030, PR China. Electronic address: shiwenxu@neau.edu.cn.4College of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, 59 Mucai Street, Harbin 150030, PR China. Electronic address: lishu@neau.edu.cn.AbstractAtrazine (ATR) and chlorpyrifos (CPF), widely used in agriculture, have resulted in a series of toxicological and environmental problems. We investigated the activities of the biotransformation enzymes ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) and pentoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (PROD), total cytochrome P450 (CYP), CYP1A mRNA level and level of tissue ATR, CPF, and their metabolites in the liver of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) after a 40-d exposure to CPF and ATR, alone or in combination, and a 20-d recovery. In the present study, juvenile common carp was exposed to ATR (at concentrations of 4.28, 42.8 and 428μgL(-1)), CPF (1.16, 11.6 and 116μgL(-1)), and ATR/CPF mixture (at concentrations of 1.13, 11.3 and 113μgL(-1)). A general increasing trend for the activity of the biotransformation enzymes (EROD and PROD), CYP and CYP1A mRNA level was observed in the liver of common carp exposed to ATR, CPF and the ATR/CPF mixture. In addition, ATR, CPF, and their metabolites demonstrated a high accumulation in the liver. These results demonstrated that the CYP system in fish could be used as a biomarkers in evaluating the impact of ATR and CPF exposure on the common carp.
  • Chemosphere.Chemosphere.2014 Jun;104:244-50. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.01.002. Epub 2014 Feb 14.
  • Atrazine (ATR) and chlorpyrifos (CPF), widely used in agriculture, have resulted in a series of toxicological and environmental problems. We investigated the activities of the biotransformation enzymes ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) and pentoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (PROD), total cytochrome P45
  • PMID 24530164
  • The effect of β-glucan on formation and functionality of neutrophil extracellular traps in carp (Cyprinus carpio L.).
  • Brogden G1, Krimmling T2, Adamek M3, Naim HY4, Steinhagen D3, von Köckritz-Blickwede M5.Author information 1Fish Disease Research Unit, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Bünteweg 17, D-30559 Hannover, Germany; Department of Physiological Chemistry, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Bünteweg 17, D-30559 Hannover, Germany.2Fish Disease Research Unit, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Bünteweg 17, D-30559 Hannover, Germany; Department of Physiological Chemistry, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Bünteweg 17, D-30559 Hannover, Germany; Cell Biology and Immunology Group, Wageningen Institute of Animal Sciences, Wageningen University, PO Box 338, 6700 AH Wageningen, The Netherlands.3Fish Disease Research Unit, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Bünteweg 17, D-30559 Hannover, Germany.4Department of Physiological Chemistry, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Bünteweg 17, D-30559 Hannover, Germany.5Department of Physiological Chemistry, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Bünteweg 17, D-30559 Hannover, Germany. Electronic address: mkoeckbl@tiho-hannover.de.AbstractThe formation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) has been characterised as a novel antimicrobial host defence strategy of neutrophils besides phagocytosis and degranulation, which may lead to entrapment and subsequent immobilisation and/or killing of bacterial pathogens. Here we studied the effect of the feed additive β-glucan, namely MacroGard®, on the formation and functionality of NETs in carp. Therefore, common carp (Cyprinus carpio) head kidney and kidney cells were isolated and treated with or without β-glucan over time. The formation of NETs was analysed by immunofluorescence microscopy and revealed a distinct increase of NET-formation with β-glucan. Furthermore the subsequent entrapment of Aeromonas hydrophila, an important fish pathogen, was increased after stimulating the cells with β-glucan. However, β-glucan did not lead to a stimulation of antimicrobial activity of neutrophils against A. hydrophila. In conclusion, the data underline the fact that the feed additive β-glucan is able to modulate carp neutrophil functions.
  • Developmental and comparative immunology.Dev Comp Immunol.2014 Jun;44(2):280-5. doi: 10.1016/j.dci.2014.01.003. Epub 2014 Jan 14.
  • The formation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) has been characterised as a novel antimicrobial host defence strategy of neutrophils besides phagocytosis and degranulation, which may lead to entrapment and subsequent immobilisation and/or killing of bacterial pathogens. Here we studied the ef
  • PMID 24434196
  • Transmission of fish-borne zoonotic trematodes (Heterophyidae) to common carp (Cyprinus carpio) is independent of density of fish and trematodes.
  • Boerlage AS1, Graat EA1, Verreth JA2, de Jong MC1.Author information 1Quantitative Veterinary Epidemiology Group, Wageningen Institute of Animal Sciences (WIAS), Wageningen University, PO Box 338, 6700 AH, Wageningen, The Netherlands.2Aquaculture and Fisheries Group, Wageningen Institute of Animal Sciences (WIAS), Wageningen University, PO Box 338, 6700 AH, Wageningen, The Netherlands.AbstractFish-borne zoonotic trematodes (FZTs) can cause major human health problems. The aim of this study was to quantify the transmission of parapleurolophocercous cercariae to common carp (Cyprinus carpio) and to study the effect of the density of cercariae and the density of fish on transmission with respect to the volume of water and surface area of the bottom. Fish were kept individually either as controls (n= 91) or were exposed to 250 cercariae in tubes with a volume of 25, 50, 100, 250 or 500 ml water (n= 190) with a surface area of 4, 12, 21, 30 or 49 cm2 (n= 195). The dose to which the fish were exposed was kept constant. Infection occurred in 94-100% of fish, with a mean of 15-18 metacercariae per fish and the proportion of FZTs established at 0.06-0.07 metacercariae per cercariae per fish. Neither the prevalence of infection with FZTs nor the number of metacercariae per fish nor the proportion of FZTs established were significantly associated with differences in the density of cercariae or the density of fish per ml water or per cm2 surface area. Thus, it was concluded that the transmission of cercariae to fish is independent of density.
  • Journal of helminthology.J Helminthol.2014 Jun;88(2):183-8. doi: 10.1017/S0022149X12000910. Epub 2013 Jan 23.
  • Fish-borne zoonotic trematodes (FZTs) can cause major human health problems. The aim of this study was to quantify the transmission of parapleurolophocercous cercariae to common carp (Cyprinus carpio) and to study the effect of the density of cercariae and the density of fish on transmission with re
  • PMID 23339771

和文文献

  • 抗コイヘルペスウイルス鶏卵抗体(IgY)の経口投与によるコイの受動免疫
  • Liu Zhenxing,Ke Hao,Ma Yanping [他]
  • 魚病研究 49(3), 113-120, 2014-09
  • NAID 40020226762
  • Changes in the pericellular connective tissue and breaking strength of the three types of muscles of the cultured carp Cyprinus carpio during storage in ice
  • Liang Jia,Miyazaki Riho,Zhao Xianxian [他]
  • Fisheries science 80(5), 1083-1088, 2014-09
  • NAID 40020207620
  • Molecular cytogenetic study of genome ploidy in the German mirror carp Cyprinus carpio
  • Li Ya-Juan,Gao Yang-Chun,Zhou He [他]
  • Fisheries science 80(5), 963-968, 2014-09
  • NAID 40020207369

関連リンク

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関連画像

Cyprinus carpio Photos, Cyprinus carpio Paprastasis karpis ( Cyprinus carpio )Carpiodes Cyprinus European carp (Cyprinus carpio) - YouTubeCyprinus carpio.jpegVintage Boots: Cyprinus Carpio


★リンクテーブル★
リンク元roach」「carp」「minnow」「Cypriniformes」「Cyprinidae
拡張検索Cyprinus carpio」「Cyprinus属

roach」

  [★]

(コイ科淡水魚)ローチ
BarbuscarpCyprinidaeCypriniformesCyprinusCyprinus carpioloachminnowRutilus rutilus

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「cut the mane off (a horse)」

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「European freshwater food fish having a greenish back」
Rutilus rutilus

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「the butt of a marijuana cigarette」

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「a roll of hair brushed back from the forehead」

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「comb (hair) into a roach」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「コイ科の淡水魚(欧州産)」

PrepTutorEJDIC   license prepejdic

「=cockroach(油虫・ゴキブリ)・(短くなった)マリファナたばこの吸いさし・ちなみに「La Cucaracha:ラ・クカラチャ(スペイン語でcockroach)」は、「マリファナがないからもう進めない」という意味のことを歌っています。日本の学校の合唱などで元気よく歌われることが多いようですが、笑えます。」

carp」

  [★]

コイ

BarbusCyprinidaeCypriniformesCyprinusCyprinus carpioloachminnowroachRutilus rutilus

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「any of various freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae」

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「the lean flesh of a fish that is often farmed; can be baked or braised」

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「コイ」

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「(…の)揚げ足取りをする,(…を)とがめだてする《+『at』(『about』)+『名』》」

minnow」

  [★]

ヒメハヤ

BarbuscarpCyprinidaeCypriniformesCyprinusCyprinus carpioloachroachRutilus rutilus

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「very small European freshwater fish common in gravelly streams」
Phoxinus phoxinus

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「ウグイに似たコイ科の小さな魚;魚釣りのえさにされる / 小魚,ざこ」

Cypriniformes」

  [★] コイ目

BarbuscarpCyprinidaeCyprinusCyprinus carpioloachminnowroachRutilus rutilus

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「an order of animals including almost entirely freshwater fishes: characins; loaches; carp; suckers; sometimes classified as a suborder of Ostariophysi」
order Cypriniformes


Cyprinidae」

  [★] コイ科

BarbuscarpcyprinidCypriniformesCyprinusCyprinus carpioloachminnowroachRutilus rutilus

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「a family of fish including: carp; tench; roach; rudd; dace」
family Cyprinidae

Cyprinus carpio」

  [★]

コイ

BarbuscarpCyprinidaeCypriniformesCyprinusloachminnowroachRutilus rutilus


Cyprinus属」

  [★]

Cyprinus
コイ属カプリナス属




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